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SunOS man pages : smrole (1)

Maintenance Commands                                   smrole(1M)

NAME

smrole - manage roles and users in role accounts

SYNOPSIS

/usr/sadm/bin/smrole subcommand [ auth_args ] -- [ subcommand_args ]

DESCRIPTION

The smrole command manages roles and adds or deletes users in role accounts. subcommands smrole subcommands are: add Adds a new role entry. To add an entry, the adminis- trator must have the solaris.role.write authorization. delete Deletes one or more roles. To delete an entry, the administrator must have the solaris.role.write author- ization. list Lists one or more roles. If you do not specify a role name, all roles are listed. To list an entry, the administrator must have the solaris.admin.usermgr.read authorization. modify Adds or deletes users from a role account. To modify an entry, the administrator must have the solaris.role.write authorization.

OPTIONS

The smrole authentication arguments, auth_args, are derived from the smc(1M) arg set and are the same regardless of which subcommand you use. The smrole command requires the Solaris Management Console to be initialized for the command to succeed (see smc(1M)). After rebooting the Solaris Management Console server, the first Solaris Management Con- sole connection might time out, so you might need to retry the command. The subcommand-specific options, subcommand_args, must come after the auth_args and must be separated from them by the -- option. auth_args The valid auth_args are -D, -H, -l, -p, -r, and -u; they are all optional. If no auth_args are specified, certain defaults will be assumed and the user may be prompted for additional information, such as a password for authentica- tion purposes. These letter options can also be specified by SunOS 5.8 Last change: 5 Jan 2001 1 Maintenance Commands smrole(1M) their equivalent option words preceded by a double dash. For example, you can use either -D or --domain with the domain argument. -D | --domain domain Specifies the default domain that you want to manage. The syntax of domain is type:/host_name/domain_name, where type is nis, nisplus, dns, ldap, or file; host_name is the name of the machine that serves the domain; and domain_name is the name of the domain you want to manage. (Note: Do not use nis+ for nisplus.) If you do not specify this option, the Solaris Manage- ment Console assumes the file default domain on what- ever server you choose to manage, meaning that changes are local to the server. Toolboxes can change the domain on a tool-by-tool basis; this option specifies the domain for all other tools. -H | --hostname host_name:port Specifies the host_name and port to which you want to connect. If you do not specify a port, the system con- nects to the default port, 898. If you do not specify host_name:port, the Solaris Management Console con- nects to the local host on port 898. You may still have to choose a toolbox to load into the console. To override this behavior, use the smc(1M) -B option, or set your console preferences to load a "home toolbox" by default. -l | --rolepassword role_password Specifies the password for the role_name. If you specify a role_name but do not specify a role_password, the system prompts you to supply a role_password. Passwords specified on the command line can be seen by any user on the system, hence this option is considered insecure. -p | --password password Specifies the password for the user_name. If you do not specify a password, the system prompts you for one. Passwords specified on the command line can be seen by any user on the system, hence this option is considered insecure. -r | --rolename role_name Specifies a role name for authentication. If you do not specify this option, no role is assumed. -u | --username user_name Specifies the user name for authentication. If you do not specify this option, the user identity running the SunOS 5.8 Last change: 5 Jan 2001 2 Maintenance Commands smrole(1M) console process is assumed. -- This option is required and must always follow the preceding options. If you do not enter the preceding options, you must still enter the -- option. subcommand_args Note: Descriptions and other arg options that contain white spaces must be enclosed in double quotes. o For subcommand add: -a adduser1 -a adduser2 . . . (Optional) Specifies the user name(s) to add to the new role. The administrator must have the solaris.role.assign authorization. -c comment (Optional) Includes a short description of the role. Consists of a string of up to 256 print- able characters, excluding the colon (:). -d dir (Optional) Specifies the home directory of the new role, limited to 1024 characters. -F full_name (Optional) Specifies the full, descriptive name of the role. The full_name must be unique within a domain, and can contain alphanumeric charac- ters and spaces. If you use spaces, you must enclose the full_name in double quotes. -G group1 -G group2 . . . (Optional) Specifies the new role's supplemen- tary group membership in the system group data- base with the character string names of one or more existing groups. Note: You cannot assign a primary group to a role. A role's primary group is always sysadmin (group 14). -h (Optional) Displays the command's usage state- ment. -n rolename Specifies the name of the role you want to create. -p addprof1 -p addprof2 . . . (Optional) Specifies the profile(s) to add to the role. To assign a profile to a role, the administrator must have the SunOS 5.8 Last change: 5 Jan 2001 3 Maintenance Commands smrole(1M) solaris.profmgr.assign or solaris.profmgr.delegate authorization. -P password (Optional) Specifies the role's password. The password can contain up to eight characters. If you do not specify a password, the system prompts you for one. To set the password, the administrator must have the solaris.admin.usermgr.pswd authorization. Note: When you specify a password using the -P option, you type the password in plain text. Specifying a password using this method introduces a secu- rity gap while the command is running. However, if you do not specify a password (and the system prompts you for one), the echo is turned off when you type in the password. -s shell (Optional) Specifies the full pathname of the program used as the role's shell on login. Valid entries are /bin/pfcsh (C shell), /bin/pfksh (Korn shell), and /bin/pfsh (Bourne shell), the default. -u uid (Optional) Specifies the ID of the role you want to add. If you do not specify this option, the system assigns the next available unique ID greater than 100. -x autohome=Y|N (Optional) Sets the role's home directory. The home directory path in the password entry is set to /home/login name. -x perm=home_perm (Optional) Sets the permissions on the role's home directory. perm is interpreted as an octal number, and the default is 0775. -x serv=homedir_server (Optional) If -D is nis, nisplus, or ldap, use this option to specify the name of the server where the user's home directory resides. Users created in a local scope must have their home directory server created on their local machines. o For subcommand delete: SunOS 5.8 Last change: 5 Jan 2001 4 Maintenance Commands smrole(1M) -h (Optional) Displays the command's usage state- ment. -n rolename1 -n rolename2 . . . Specifies the name of the role(s) you want to delete. o For subcommand list: -h (Optional) Displays the command's usage state- ment. -l (Optional) Displays the output for each user in a block of key:value pairs (for example, user name:root), followed by a blank line that delim- its each user block. Each key:value pair is displayed on a separate line. The keys are: autohome setup, comment, home directory, login shell, primary group, secondary groups, server, user ID (UID), and user name. -n role1 -n role2 . . . (Optional) Specifies the role(s) that you want to list. If you do not specify a role name, all roles are listed. o For subcommand modify: -a adduser1 -a adduser2 . . . (Optional) Specifies the user name(s) to add to the new role. The administrator must have the solaris.role.assign authorization, or must have the solaris.role.delegate authorization and be a member of the role being modified. -c comment (Optional) Includes a short description of the role. Consists of a string of up to 256 print- able characters, excluding the colon (:). -d dir (Optional) Specifies the home directory of the new role, limited to 1024 characters. -F full_name (Optional) Specifies the full, descriptive name of the role. The full_name must be unique within a domain, and can contain alphanumeric charac- ters and spaces. If you use spaces, you must enclose the full_name in double quotes. SunOS 5.8 Last change: 5 Jan 2001 5 Maintenance Commands smrole(1M) -G group1 -G group2 . . . (Optional) Specifies the new role's secondary group membership in the system group database with the character string names of one or more existing groups. Note: You cannot assign a pri- mary group to a role. A role's primary group is always sysadmin (group 14). -h (Optional) Displays the command's usage state- ment. -n rolename Specifies the name of the role you want to modify. -N new_rolename (Optional) Specifies the new name of the role. -p addprof1 -p addprof2 . . . (Optional) Specifies the profile(s) to add to the role. To assign a profile to a role, the administrator must have the solaris.profmgr.assign or solaris.profmgr.delegate authorization. -P password (Optional) Specifies the role's password. The password can contain up to eight characters. To set the password, the administrator must have the solaris.admin.usermgr.pswd authorization. Note: When you specify a password, you type the password in plain text. Specifying a password using this method introduces a security gap while the command is running. -q delprof1 -q delprof2 . . . (Optional) Specifies the profile(s) to delete from the role. -r deluser1 -r deluser2 . . . (Optional) Specifies the user name(s) to delete from the role. -s shell (Optional) Specifies the full pathname of the program used as the role's shell on login. Valid entries are /bin/pfcsh (C shell), /bin/pfksh (Korn shell), and /bin/pfsh (Bourne shell), the default. -x autohome=Y|N (Optional) Sets the role's home directory. The SunOS 5.8 Last change: 5 Jan 2001 6 Maintenance Commands smrole(1M) home directory path in the password entry is set to /home/login_name. -x perm=home_perm (Optional) Sets the permissions on the role's home directory. perm is interpreted as an octal number, and the default is 0775.

EXAMPLES

Example 1: Creating a role account The following creates the role1 account with a full name of Engineering Admin and a password of abc123 on the local file system, and assigns user1 and user2 to the role. This role has Name Service Security and Audit Review rights. The sys- tem assigns the next available unique UID greater than 100. ./smrole add -H myhost -p mypasswd -u root -- -n role1 \ -F "Engineering Admin" -P abc123 -a user1 -a user2 \ -p "Name Service Security" -p "Audit Review" Example 2: Deleting role accounts The following deletes the role1 and role2 accounts from the local file system. ./smrole delete -H myhost -p mypasswd -u root -- -n role1 -n role2 Example 3: Listing role accounts The following lists all role accounts on the local file sys- tem in summary form. ./smrole list -H myhost -p mypasswd -u root -- Example 4: Modifying a role account The following modifies the role1 account so the role defaults to the Korn shell, includes the user3 account, and does not include the user2 account. ./smrole modify -H myhost -p mypasswd -u root -- -n role1 \ -s /bin/pfksh -a user3 -r user2 SunOS 5.8 Last change: 5 Jan 2001 7 Maintenance Commands smrole(1M)

ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES

See environ(5) for a description of the JAVA_HOME environ- ment variable, which affects the execution of the smrole command. If this environment variable is not specified, the /usr/java location is used. See smc(1M).

EXIT STATUS

The following exit values are returned: 0 Successful completion. 1 Invalid command syntax. A usage message displays. 2 An error occurred while executing the command. An error message displays.

FILES

The following files are used by the smrole command: /etc/aliases Mail aliases. See aliases(4). /etc/auto_home Automatic mount points. See automount(1M). /etc/group Group file. See group(4). /etc/passwd Password file. See passwd(4). /etc/security/policy.conf Configuration file for security policy. See policy.conf(4). /etc/shadow Shadow password file. See shadow(4). /etc/user_attr Extended user attribute database. See user_attr(4).

ATTRIBUTES

See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attri- butes: ____________________________________________________________ | ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE | |_____________________________|_____________________________| | Availability | SUNWmga | |_____________________________|_____________________________| SunOS 5.8 Last change: 5 Jan 2001 8 Maintenance Commands smrole(1M)

SEE ALSO

automount(1M), smc(1M), aliases(4), group(4), passwd(4), policy.conf(4), shadow(4), user_attr(4), attributes(5), environ(5) SunOS 5.8 Last change: 5 Jan 2001 9