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SunOS man pages : smmultiuser (1)

Maintenance Commands                              smmultiuser(1M)

NAME

smmultiuser - manage bulk operations on user accounts

SYNOPSIS

/usr/sadm/bin/smmultiuser subcommand [ auth_args ] -- [ subcommand_args ]

DESCRIPTION

The smmultiuser command allows bulk operations on user entries in the local /etc filesystem or a NIS or NIS+ name service, using either an input file or piped input. Note: Both input files and piped input contain a cleartext (non- encrypted) password for each new user entry. subcommands smmultiuser subcommands are: add Adds multiple user entries to the appropriate files. To add an entry, the administrator must have the solaris.admin.usermgr.write authorization. delete Deletes one or more user entries from the appropriate files. To delete an entry, the administrator must have the solaris.admin.usermgr.write authorization. modify Modifies existing user entries in the user account database. To modify an entry, the administrator must have the solaris.admin.usermgr.write authorization. Here is the list of what can be modified using the modify subcommand: 1. UserName (only under certain conditions; see Note 2 in NOTES). 2. Password (only under certain conditions; see Note 3 in NOTES). To modify a password, the administrator must have the solaris.admin.usermgr.pswd authoriza- tion. 3. Description. 4. Primary Group ID. 5. Shell type. 6. FullName.

OPTIONS

SunOS 5.8 Last change: 5 Jan 2001 1 Maintenance Commands smmultiuser(1M) The smmultiuser authentication arguments, auth_args, are derived from the smc(1M) arg set and are the same regardless of which subcommand you use. The smmultiuser command requires the Solaris Management Console to be initialized for the command to succeed (see smc(1M)). After rebooting the Solaris Management Console server, the first Solaris Management Console connection might time out, so you might need to retry the command. The subcommand-specific options, subcommand_args, must come after the auth_args and must be separated from them by the -- option. auth_args The valid auth_args are -D, -H, -l, -p, -r, --trust, and -u; they are all optional. If no auth_args are specified, cer- tain defaults will be assumed and the user may be prompted for additional information, such as a password for authenti- cation purposes. These letter options can also be specified by their equivalent option words preceded by a double dash. For example, you can use either -D or --domain. -D | --domain domain Specifies the default domain that you want to manage. The syntax of domain is type:/host_name/domain_name, where type is nis, nisplus, dns, ldap, or file; host_name is the name of the machine that serves the domain; and domain_name is the name of the domain you want to manage. (Note: Do not use nis+ for nisplus.) If you do not specify this option, the Solaris Manage- ment Console assumes the file default domain on what- ever server you choose to manage, meaning that changes are local to the server. Toolboxes can change the domain on a tool-by-tool basis; this option specifies the domain for all other tools. -H | --hostname host_name:port Specifies the host_name and port to which you want to connect. If you do not specify a port, the system con- nects to the default port, 898. If you do not specify host_name:port, the Solaris Management Console con- nects to the local host on port 898. You may still have to choose a toolbox to load into the console. To override this behavior, use the smc(1M) -B option, or set your console preferences to load a "home toolbox" by default. -l | --rolepassword role_password Specifies the password for the role_name. If you specify a role_name but do not specify a role_password, the system prompts you to supply a SunOS 5.8 Last change: 5 Jan 2001 2 Maintenance Commands smmultiuser(1M) role_password. Passwords specified on the command line can be seen by any user on the system, hence this option is considered insecure. -p | --password password Specifies the password for the user_name. If you do not specify a password, the system prompts you for one. Passwords specified on the command line can be seen by any user on the system, hence this option is considered insecure. -r | --rolename role_name Specifies a role name for authentication. If you do not specify this option, no role is assumed. --trust Trusts all downloaded code implicitly. Use this option when running the terminal console non-interactively and you cannot let the console wait for user input. If using piped input into any of the smmultiuser sub- commands, it will now be necessary to use the --trust option with the -L logfile option. See EXAMPLES. -u | --username user_name Specifies the user name for authentication. If you do not specify this option, the user identity running the console process is assumed. -- This option is required and must always follow the preceding options. If you do not enter the preceding options, you must still enter the -- option. subcommand_args Note: Descriptions and other arg options that contain white spaces must be enclosed in double quotes. o For subcommand add: -h (Optional) Displays the command's usage state- ment. -i input_file Specifies the input file containing the user account information. After the command is exe- cuted, the input file is removed. The input file must follow the /etc/passwd file format. If you do not specify the -i input_file option, you must include a piped_input operand immediately before the command. See EXAMPLES. -L logfile SunOS 5.8 Last change: 5 Jan 2001 3 Maintenance Commands smmultiuser(1M) (Optional) Specifies the full pathname to the text file that stores the command's success/failure data. Note: This text file is an ASCII-formatted log file; it is different from and unrelated to the output of the normal log- ging mechanism that also occurs within the Log Viewer tool. The -L logfile option is used to dump additional logging information to a text file. o For subcommand delete: -h (Optional) Displays the command's usage state- ment. -i input_file Specifies the input file containing the user account information. After the command is exe- cuted, the input file is removed. The input file must follow the /etc/passwd file format. If you do not specify the -i input_file option, you must include a piped_input operand immediately before the command. See EXAMPLES. -L logfile (Optional) Specifies the full pathname to the text file that stores the command's success/failure data. o For subcommand modify: -h (Optional) Displays the command's usage state- ment. -i input_file Specifies the input file containing the user account information. After the command is exe- cuted, the input file is removed. The input file must follow the /etc/passwd file format. If you do not specify the -i input_file option, you must include a piped_input operand immediately before the command. See EXAMPLES. Note: When modifying passwords, use the piped input, since it is more secure than keeping passwords in a file. See Note 1 in NOTES. -L logfile (Optional) Specifies the full pathname to the text file that stores the command's success/failure data. SunOS 5.8 Last change: 5 Jan 2001 4 Maintenance Commands smmultiuser(1M)

OPERANDS

The following operands are supported: piped_input You must include piped_input if you do not specify an input_file. Include the piped input immediately before the command. The piped input must follow the /etc/passwd file format. See EXAMPLES. Note: Use the --trust option when using piped input with the -L log- file option to avoid the user prompt from the Security Alert Manager, which normally asks the user whether the log file should be created. Without the --trust option, the piped input is improperly taken as the answer to the prompt before the user can answer "Y" or "N", and the logging operation will probably fail.

EXAMPLES

Example 1: Creating multiple user accounts The following reads in user account data from the /tmp/foo file and creates new user accounts on the local file system. The input file is formatted in the /etc/passwd format. ./smmultiuser add -H myhost -p mypasswd -u root -- -i /tmp/foo Example 2: Deleting multiple user accounts The following reads in user account data from the /tmp/foo file and deletes the named user accounts from the local file system: ./smmultiuser delete -H myhost -p mypasswd -u root -- -i /tmp/foo Example 3: Creating a log file with piped input The following example shows the use of the smc(1M) --trust option that is required when creating a log file. It is applicable to the delete and modify subcommands also. cat /tmp/users.txt | smmultiuser add --trust -- -L /tmp/mylog.txt

ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES

See environ(5) for a description of the JAVA_HOME environ- ment variable, which affects the execution of the smprofile command. If this environment variable is not specified, the /usr/java location is used. See smc(1M). SunOS 5.8 Last change: 5 Jan 2001 5 Maintenance Commands smmultiuser(1M)

EXIT STATUS

The following exit values are returned: 0 Successful completion. 1 Invalid command syntax. A usage message displays. 2 An error occurred while executing the command. An error message displays.

FILES

The following files are used by the smprofile command: /etc/passwd Contains the file format to use for the input_file and piped_input. See passwd(4).

ATTRIBUTES

See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attri- butes: ____________________________________________________________ | ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE | |_____________________________|_____________________________| | Availability | SUNWmga | |_____________________________|_____________________________|

SEE ALSO

smc(1M), passwd(4), attributes(5), environ(5)

NOTES

1. The file format used by both the add and modify subcom- mands is the /etc/passwd format. But there is an allowance for a mutated version of this file format that contains an extra field at the end of each line to be used for the Full Name. If the extra field is appended to the end of each line, it will be used for the Full Name value, but if it is omitted, it will be assumed that no FullName modification is being done. The extra field is separated with a colon (:), just like all the other fields. Example of regulation /etc/passwd entry: rick2:x:101:10:description1:/home/rick2:/bin/sh Example of /etc/passwd variant entry: SunOS 5.8 Last change: 5 Jan 2001 6 Maintenance Commands smmultiuser(1M) rick2:x:101:10:description1:/home/rick2:/bin/sh:Ricks_fullname 2. The modifies are all done based on lookups of the user name in the user tables. If a user name can not be found in this lookup, a secondary check will be made to see if the uid and FullName can be found in the user tables. If they are both found, assume that a user rename has occurred. If neither can be found, assume that the user account does not exist and cannot be modified. 3. If no password is supplied, assume that there is no change to the password information. If a password is being changed, it should be supplied in cleartext as piped input, although this is not required. The password can be supplied in the input file also. Once read in, the password will be changed accordingly. SunOS 5.8 Last change: 5 Jan 2001 7