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SunOS man pages : smgroup (1)

Maintenance Commands                                  smgroup(1M)

NAME

smgroup - manage group entries

SYNOPSIS

/usr/sadm/bin/smgroup subcommand [ auth_args ] -- [ subcommand_args ]

DESCRIPTION

The smgroup command manages one or more group definitions in the group database for the appropriate files in the local /etc files name service or a NIS or NIS+ name service. subcommands smgroup subcommands are: add Adds a new group entry. To add an entry, the adminis- trator must have the solaris.admin.usermgr.write authorization. delete Deletes a group entry. You can delete only one entry at a time. To delete an entry, the administrator must have the solaris.admin.usermgr.write authorization. Note: You cannot delete the system groups with IDs less than 100, or the groups 60001, 60002, or 65534. list Lists one or more group entries in the form of a three-column list, containing the group name, group ID, and group members, separated by colons (:). To list entries, the administrator must have the solaris.admin.usermgr.read authorization. modify Modifies a group entry. To modify an entry, the administrator must have the solaris.admin.usermgr.write authorization.

OPTIONS

The smgroup authentication arguments, auth_args, are derived from the smc(1M) arg set and are the same regardless of which subcommand you use. The smgroup command requires the Solaris Management Console to be initialized for the command to succeed (see smc(1M)). After rebooting the Solaris Management Console server, the first Solaris Management Con- sole connection might time out, so you might need to retry the command. The subcommand-specific options, subcommand_args, must come after the auth_args and must be separated from them by the -- option. SunOS 5.8 Last change: 5 Jan 2001 1 Maintenance Commands smgroup(1M) auth_args The valid auth_args are -D, -H, -l, -p, -r, and -u; they are all optional. If no auth_args are specified, certain defaults will be assumed and the user may be prompted for additional information, such as a password for authentica- tion purposes. These letter options can also be specified by their equivalent option words preceded by a double dash. For example, you can use either -D or --domain. -D | --domain domain Specifies the default domain that you want to manage. The syntax of domain is type:/host_name/domain_name, where type is nis, nisplus, dns, ldap or file; host_name is the name of the machine that serves the domain; and domain_name is the name of the domain you want to manage. (Note: Do not use nis+ for nisplus.) If you do not specify this option, the Solaris Manage- ment Console assumes the file default domain on what- ever server you choose to manage, meaning that changes are local to the server. Toolboxes can change the domain on a tool-by-tool basis; this option specifies the domain for all other tools. -H | --hostname host_name:port Specifies the host_name and port to which you want to connect. If you do not specify a port, the system con- nects to the default port, 898. If you do not specify host_name:port, the Solaris Management Console con- nects to the local host on port 898. You may still have to choose a toolbox to load into the console. To override this behavior, use the smc(1M) -B option, or set your console preferences to load a "home toolbox" by default. -l | --rolepassword role_password Specifies the password for the role_name. If you specify a role_name but do not specify a role_password, the system prompts you to supply a role_password. Passwords specified on the command line can be seen by any user on the system, hence this option is considered insecure. -p | --password password Specifies the password for the user_name. If you do not specify a password, the system prompts you for one. Passwords specified on the command line can be seen by any user on the system, hence this option is considered insecure. -r | --rolename role_name Specifies a role name for authentication. If you do SunOS 5.8 Last change: 5 Jan 2001 2 Maintenance Commands smgroup(1M) not specify this option, no role is assumed. -u | --username user_name Specifies the user name for authentication. If you do not specify this option, the user identity running the console process is assumed. -- This option is required and must always follow the preceding options. If you do not enter the preceding options, you must still enter the -- option. subcommand_args Note: Descriptions and other arg options that contain white spaces must be enclosed in double quotes. o For subcommand add: -g gid (Optional) Specifies the group ID for the new group. The group ID must be a non-negative decimal integer with a maximum value of 2MB (2,147,483,647). Group IDs 0-99 are reserved for the system and should be used with care. If you do not specify a gid, the system automatically assigns the next available gid. To maximize interoperability and compatibility, administra- tors are recommended to assign groups using the range of GIDs below 60000 where possible. -h (Optional) Displays the command's usage state- ment. -m group_member1 -m group_member2 . . . (Optional) Specifies the new members to add to the group. -n group_name Specifies the name of the new group. The group name must be unique within a domain, contain 2-32 alphanumeric characters, begin with a letter, and contain at least one lowercase letter. o For subcommand delete: -h (Optional) Displays the command's usage state- ment. -n group_name Specifies the name of the group you want to SunOS 5.8 Last change: 5 Jan 2001 3 Maintenance Commands smgroup(1M) delete. o For subcommand list: -h (Optional) Displays the command's usage state- ment. -n group_name (Optional) Specifies the name of the group you want to list. If you do not specify a group name, all groups are listed. o For subcommand modify: -h (Optional) Displays the command's usage state- ment. -m group_member1 -m group_member2 . . . (Optional) Specifies the new members to add to the group. -n group_name Specifies the name of the group you want to modify. -N new_group (Optional) Specifies the new group name. The group name must be unique within a domain, con- tain 2-32 alphanumeric characters, begin with a letter, and contain at least one lowercase letter.

EXAMPLES

Example 1: Creating a test group The following creates the test_group group entry with a group ID of 123 and adds test_member1 and test_member2 to the group: ./smgroup add -H myhost -p mypasswd -u root -- -n test_group \ -m test_member1 -m test_member2 -g 123 Example 2: Deleting a group The following deletes test_group: SunOS 5.8 Last change: 5 Jan 2001 4 Maintenance Commands smgroup(1M) ./smgroup delete -H myhost -p mypasswd -u root -- -n test_group Example 3: Displaying all groups The following displays all groups in a three-column list showing the group name, group ID, and group members: ./smgroup list -H myhost -p mypasswd -u root -- Example 4: Displaying a group The following displays the group_1 data in a three-column list showing the group name, group ID, and group members: ./smgroup list -H myhost -p mypasswd -u root -- -n group_1 Example 5: Renaming a group The following renames a group from finance to accounting: ./smgroup modify -H myhost -p mypasswd -u root -- \ -n finance -N accounting

ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES

See environ(5) for a description of the JAVA_HOME environ- ment variable, which affects the execution of the smgroup command. If this environment variable is not specified, the /usr/java location is used. See smc(1M).

EXIT STATUS

The following exit values are returned: 0 Successful completion. 1 Invalid command syntax. A usage message displays. 2 An error occurred while executing the command. An error message displays.

FILES

The following files are used by the smgroup command: /etc/group Group file. See group(4). SunOS 5.8 Last change: 5 Jan 2001 5 Maintenance Commands smgroup(1M)

ATTRIBUTES

See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attri- butes: ____________________________________________________________ | ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE | |_____________________________|_____________________________| | Availability | SUNWmga | |_____________________________|_____________________________|

SEE ALSO

smc(1M), group(4), attributes(5), environ(5) SunOS 5.8 Last change: 5 Jan 2001 6