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SunOS man pages : sar (1)

User Commands                                              sar(1)


sar - system activity reporter


sar [ -aAbcdgkmpqruvwy ] [ -o filename ] t [ n ] sar [ -aAbcdgkmpqruvwy ] [ -e time ] [ -f filename ] [ -i sec ] [ -s time ]


In the first instance, sar samples cumulative activity counters in the operating system at n intervals of t seconds, where t should be 5 or greater. If t is specified with more than one option, all headers are printed together and the output may be difficult to read. (If the sampling interval is less than 5, the activity of sar itself may affect the sample.) If the -o option is specified, it saves the samples in filename in binary format. The default value of n is 1. In the second instance, no sampling interval is specified. sar extracts data from a previously recorded filename, either the one specified by the -f option or, by default, the standard system activity daily data file /var/adm/sa/sadd for the current day dd. The starting and ending times of the report can be bounded using the -e and -s arguments with time specified in the form hh[:mm[:ss]]. The -i option selects records at sec second intervals. Oth- erwise, all intervals found in the data file are reported.


The following options modify the subsets of information reported by sar. -a Report use of file access system routines: iget/s, namei/s, dirblk/s -A Report all data. Equivalent to -abcdgkmpqruvwy. -b Report buffer activity: bread/s, bwrit/s transfers per second of data between system buffers and disk or other block devices. lread/s, lwrit/s accesses of system buffers. %rcache, %wcache cache hit ratios, that is, (1-bread/lread) as a percentage. SunOS 5.8 Last change: 25 Oct 2001 1 User Commands sar(1) pread/s, pwrit/s transfers using raw (physical) device mechanism. -c Report system calls: scall/s system calls of all types. sread/s, swrit/s, fork/s, exec/s specific system calls. rchar/s, wchar/s characters transferred by read and write system calls. No incoming or outgoing exec(2) and fork(2) calls are reported. -d Report activity for each block device (for example, disk or tape drive) with the exception of XDC disks and tape drives. When data is displayed, the device specification dsk- is generally used to represent a disk drive. The device specification used to represent a tape drive is machine dependent. The activity data reported is: %busy, avque portion of time device was busy servicing a transfer request, average number of requests outstanding during that time. read/s, write/s, blks/s number of read/write transfers from or to device, number of bytes transferred in 512-byte units. avwait average wait time in milliseconds. avserv average service time in milliseconds. For more general system statistics, use iostat(1M), sar(1M), or vmstat(1M). See System Administration Guide, Volume 1 for naming conven- tions for disks. -e time Select data up to time. Default is 18:00. -f filename SunOS 5.8 Last change: 25 Oct 2001 2 User Commands sar(1) Use filename as the data source for sar. Default is the current daily data file /var/adm/sa/sadd. -g Report paging activities: pgout/s page-out requests per second. ppgout/s pages paged-out per second. pgfree/s pages per second placed on the free list by the page stealing daemon. pgscan/s pages per second scanned by the page stealing daemon. %ufs_ipf the percentage of UFS inodes taken off the freelist by iget which had reusable pages asso- ciated with them. These pages are flushed and cannot be reclaimed by processes. Thus, this is the percentage of igets with page flushes. -i sec Select data at intervals as close as possible to sec seconds. -k Report kernel memory allocation (KMA) activities: sml_mem, alloc, fail information about the memory pool reserving and allocating space for small requests: the amount of memory in bytes KMA has for the small pool, the number of bytes allocated to satisfy requests for small amounts of memory, and the number of requests for small amounts of memory that were not satisfied (failed). lg_mem, alloc, fail information for the large memory pool (analogous to the information for the small memory pool). ovsz_alloc, fail the amount of memory allocated for oversize requests and the number of oversize requests which could not be satisfied (because oversized memory is allocated dynamically, there is not a pool). SunOS 5.8 Last change: 25 Oct 2001 3 User Commands sar(1) -m Report message and semaphore activities: msg/s, sema/s primitives per second. -o filename Save samples in file, filename, in binary format. -p Report paging activities: atch/s page faults per second that are satisfied by reclaiming a page currently in memory (attaches per second). pgin/s page-in requests per second. ppgin/s pages paged-in per second. pflt/s page faults from protection errors per second (illegal access to page) or "copy-on-writes". vflt/s address translation page faults per second (valid page not in memory). slock/s faults per second caused by software lock requests requiring physical I/O. -q Report average queue length while occupied, and per- cent of time occupied: runq-sz, %runocc run queue of processes in memory and runnable. swpq-sz, %swpocc these are no longer reported by sar. -r Report unused memory pages and disk blocks: freemem average pages available to user processes. freeswap disk blocks available for page swapping. SunOS 5.8 Last change: 25 Oct 2001 4 User Commands sar(1) -s time Select data later than time in the form hh[:mm]. Default is 08:00. -u Report CPU utilization (the default): %usr, %sys, %wio, %idle portion of time running in user mode, running in system mode, idle with some process waiting for block I/O, and otherwise idle. -v Report status of process, i-node, file tables: proc-sz, inod-sz, file-sz, lock-sz" 6 entries/size for each table, evaluated once at sampling point. ov overflows that occur between sampling points for each table. -w Report system swapping and switching activity: swpin/s, swpot/s, bswin/s, bswot/s" 6 number of transfers and number of 512-byte units transferred for swapins and swapouts (including initial loading of some pro- grams). pswch/s process switches. -y Report TTY device activity: rawch/s, canch/s, outch/s input character rate, input character rate pro- cessed by canon, output character rate. rcvin/s, xmtin/s, mdmin/s receive, transmit and modem interrupt rates.


Example 1: Viewing system activity To see today's CPU activity so far: example% sar SunOS 5.8 Last change: 25 Oct 2001 5 User Commands sar(1) Example 2: Watching system activity evolve To watch CPU activity evolve for 10 minutes and save data: example% sar -o temp 60 10 Example 3: Reviewing disk and tape activity To later review disk and tape activity from that period: example% sar -d -f temp


/var/adm/sa/sadd daily data file, where dd are digits representing the day of the month


See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attri- butes: ____________________________________________________________ | ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE | |_____________________________|_____________________________| | Availability | SUNWaccu | |_____________________________|_____________________________|


sag(1), iostat(1M), sar(1M), vmstat(1M), exec(2), fork(2), attributes(5) System Administration Guide, Volume 1


The sum of CPU utilization might vary slightly from 100 because of rounding errors in the production of a percentage figure. SunOS 5.8 Last change: 25 Oct 2001 6