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SunOS man pages : rshd (1)

Maintenance Commands                                  in.rshd(1M)

NAME

in.rshd, rshd - remote shell server

SYNOPSIS

in.rshd host.port

DESCRIPTION

in.rshd is the server for the rsh(1) program. The server provides remote execution facilities with authentication based on privileged port numbers. in.rshd is invoked by inetd(1M) each time a shell service is requested, and executes the following protocol: 1. The server checks the client's source port. If the port is not in the range 0-1023, the server aborts the connec- tion. The client's host address (in hex) and port number (in decimal) are the arguments passed to in.rshd. 2. The server reads characters from the socket up to a null ( \0 ) byte. The resultant string is interpreted as an ASCII number, base 10. 3. If the number received in step 1 is non-zero, it is interpreted as the port number of a secondary stream to be used for the stderr. A second connection is then created to the specified port on the client's machine. The source port of this second connection is also in the range 0-1023. 4. The server checks the client's source address. If the address is associated with a host for which no corresponding entry exists in the host name data base (see hosts(4)), the server aborts the connection. Please refer to the SECURITY section below for more details. 5. A null terminated user name of at most 16 characters is retrieved on the initial socket. This user name is interpreted as the user identity on the client's machine. 6. A null terminated user name of at most 16 characters is retrieved on the initial socket. This user name is interpreted as a user identity to use on the server's machine. 7. A null terminated command to be passed to a shell is retrieved on the initial socket. The length of the com- mand is limited by the upper bound on the size of the system's argument list. 8. in.rshd then validates the user according to the follow- ing steps. The remote user name is looked up in the SunOS 5.8 Last change: 2 Nov 1999 1 Maintenance Commands in.rshd(1M) password file and a chdir is performed to the user's home directory. If the lookup fails, the connection is ter- minated. If the chdir fails, it does a chdir to / (root). If the user is not the superuser, (user ID 0), and if the pam_rhosts_auth PAM module is configured for authentication, the file /etc/hosts.equiv is consulted for a list of hosts considered "equivalent". If the client's host name is present in this file, the authenti- cation is considered successful. See the SECURITY section below for a discussion of PAM authentication. If the lookup fails, or the user is the superuser, then the file .rhosts in the home directory of the remote user is checked for the machine name and identity of the user on the client's machine. If this lookup fails, the con- nection is terminated 9. A null byte is returned on the connection associated with the stderr and the command line is passed to the normal login shell of the user. (The PATH variable is set to /usr/bin.) The shell inherits the network connections established by in.rshd.

USAGE

rshd and in.rshdare IPv6-enabled. See ip6(7P).

SECURITY

in.rshd uses pam(3PAM) for authentication, account manage- ment, and session management. The PAM configuration policy, listed through /etc/pam.conf, specifies the modules to be used for in.rshd. Here is a partial pam.conf file with entries for the rsh command using rhosts authentication, UNIX account management, and session management module. rsh auth required /usr/lib/security/pam_rhosts_auth.so.1 rsh account required /usr/lib/security/pam_unix.so.1 rsh session required /usr/lib/security/pam_unix.so.1 If there are no entries for the rsh service, then the entries for the "other" service will be used. To maintain the authentication requirement for in.rshd, the rsh entry must always be configured with the pam_rhosts_auth.so.1 module.

FILES

/etc/hosts.equiv

ATTRIBUTES

See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attri- butes: SunOS 5.8 Last change: 2 Nov 1999 2 Maintenance Commands in.rshd(1M) ____________________________________________________________ | ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE | |_____________________________|_____________________________| | Availability | SUNWcsu | |_____________________________|_____________________________|

SEE ALSO

rsh(1), inetd(1M), pam(3PAM), hosts(4), inetd.conf(4), pam.conf(4), attributes(5), pam_rhosts_auth(5), pam_unix(5), ip6(7P)

DIAGNOSTICS

The following diagnostic messages are returned on the con- nection associated with stderr, after which any network connections are closed. An error is indicated by a leading byte with a value of 1 in step 9 above (0 is returned above upon successful completion of all the steps prior to the command execution). locuser too long The name of the user on the client's machine is longer than 16 characters. remuser too long The name of the user on the remote machine is longer than 16 characters. command too long The command line passed exceeds the size of the argument list (as configured into the system). Hostname for your address unknown. No entry in the host name database existed for the client's machine. Login incorrect. No password file entry for the user name existed. Permission denied. The authentication procedure described above failed. Can't make pipe. The pipe needed for the stderr was not created. Try again. A fork by the server failed.

NOTES

SunOS 5.8 Last change: 2 Nov 1999 3 Maintenance Commands in.rshd(1M) The authentication procedure used here assumes the integrity of each client machine and the connecting medium. This is insecure, but it is useful in an "open" environment. A facility to allow all data exchanges to be encrypted should be present. SunOS 5.8 Last change: 2 Nov 1999 4