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SunOS man pages : rpld (1)

Maintenance Commands                                     rpld(1M)

NAME

rpld - IA Network Booting RPL (Remote Program Load) Server

SYNOPSIS

/usr/sbin/rpld [ -fdDMblgz ] interface /usr/sbin/rpld -a [ -fdDMblgz ]

DESCRIPTION

The RPL server provides network booting functionality to IA clients by listening to boot requests from them according to the RPL protocol specifications. Boot requests can be gen- erated by clients using the boot floppy supplied in the IA distribution. Once the request has been received, the server validates the client and adds it to its internal service list. Subsequent requests from the client to download bootfiles will result in the sending of data frames from the server to the client specifying where to load the boot program in memory. When all the bootfiles have been downloaded, the server specifies where to start execution to initiate the boot process. In the first synopsis, the interface parameter names the network interface upon which rpld is to listen for requests. For example: /usr/sbin/rpld /dev/le0 /usr/sbin/rpld /dev/smc0 In the second synopsis, rpld locates all of the network interfaces present on the system and starts a daemon process for each one. The server starts by reading the default configuration file, or an alternate configuration file if one is specified. If no configuration file can be found, internal default values will be used. Alternatively, command line options are avail- able to override any of the values in the configuration file. After the configuration options are set, it then opens the network interface as specified in the command line and starts listening to RPL boot requests. Network boot IA clients have to have information pre- configured on a server for the RPL server to validate and serve them. This involves putting configuration information in both the ethers(4) and the bootparams(4) databases. The ethers database contains a translation from the physical node address to the IP address of the clients and is nor- mally used by the RARP server. The bootparams database stores all other information needed for booting off this client, such as the number of bootfiles and the file names SunOS 5.8 Last change: 3 Apr 1997 1 Maintenance Commands rpld(1M) of the various boot components. Both databases can be looked up by the RPL server through NIS. See the sub- section Client Configuration for information on how to set up these databases. To assist in the administration and maintenance of the net- work boot activity, there are two run-time signals that the server will accept to change some run-time parameters and print out useful status information. See the sub-section Signals for details. The RPL server is not limited to the ability to boot only IA clients. If properly configured, the server should be able to download any bootfiles to the clients. Client Configuration The following configuration information is specific to boot- ing IA clients. In order to allow clients to boot IA from across the net- work, the client's information has to be pre-configured in two databases: ethers(4) and bootparams(4). Both databases can be accessed through NIS. Refer to Solaris 8 Advanced Installation Guide for information on how to configure a diskless IA client. The discussion contained in the rest of this section is provided for your information only and should not be performed manually. The ethers database contains a translation table to convert the physical node address to the IP address of the client. Therefore, an IP address must be assigned to the client (if this has not been done already), the node address of the client must be obtained, and then this information needs to be entered in the ethers database. The bulk of the configuration is done in the bootparams database. This is a free-format database that essentially contains a number of keyword-value string pairs. A number of keywords have been defined for specific purposes, like the bootparams RPC in bootparamd(1M). Three more keywords have been defined for the RPL server. They are numboot- files, bootfile, and bootaddr. All three keywords must be in lowercase letters with no spaces before or after the equals symbol following the keyword. numbootfiles Specifies the number of files to be downloaded to the network boot client. The format of this option is: numbootfiles=n SunOS 5.8 Last change: 3 Apr 1997 2 Maintenance Commands rpld(1M) Always use numbootfiles=3 to boot IA across the net- work. bootfile Specifies the path name of the bootfile to be down- loaded and where in memory to start loading the boot- file. A complete path name should be used. For exam- ple, assuming the client's IP address is 129.181.32.15: bootfile=/rplboot/129.181.32.15.hw.com:45000 bootfile=/rplboot/129.181.32.15.glue.com:35000 bootfile=/rplboot/129.181.32.15.inetboot=8000 The path name following the equals symbol specifies the bootfile to be downloaded, and the hex address following the colon (:) is the absolute address of the memory location to start loading that bootfile. These addresses should be in the range of 7c00 to a0000 (i.e., the base 640K range excluding the interrupt vector and BIOS data areas). Address 45000 for this hw.com bootfile is also a suggested value and if pos- sible should not be changed. The address of 35000 for glue.com is a suggested value that, if possible, should not be changed. The address of 8000 for inet- boot is an absolute requirement and should never be changed. These files, when created following the procedures in the Solaris 8 Advanced Installation Guide are actually symbolic links to to the real file to be downloaded to the client. hw.com is linked to a special driver that corresponds to the network interface card of the client. glue.com and inet- boot are generic to all network boot clients. The order of these bootfile lines is not significant, but because problems have been found with certain boot PROMs, it is highly recommended that the bootfile lines be ordered in descending order of the load addresses. bootaddr The absolute address in memory to start executing after all the bootfiles have been downloaded. This address should always correspond to the address where glue.com is being loaded. If possible, always use: bootaddr=35000 SunOS 5.8 Last change: 3 Apr 1997 3 Maintenance Commands rpld(1M)

OPTIONS

-f config filename. Use this to specify a configuration file name other than the system default /etc/rpld.conf file. -d debug level. Specify a level of 0 if you do not want any error or warning messages to be generated, or a level from 1 to 9 for increasing amounts of messages. This option corresponds to the DebugLevel setting in the confi- guration file. The default value is 0. Note that it is best to limit the level to 8 or below; use of level 9 may generate so many debug messages that the perfor- mance of the RPL server may be impacted. -D debug destination. Specify 0 to send error or warning messages to stan- dard output, 1 to syslogd, and 2 to the log file. This option corresponds to the DebugDest setting in the configuration file. The default value is 2. -M maximum clients. Specify the maximum number of simultaneous network boot clients to be served. This option corresponds to the MaxClients setting in the configuration file. A value of -1 means unlimited, and the actual number will depend on available system resources. The default value is -1. -b background mode. Specify 1 to run the server in the background and relinquish the controlling terminal, or 0 to run in the foreground without relinquishing the controlling terminal. This option corresponds to the BackGround setting in the configuration file. If you have speci- fied that the error or warning messages be sent to standard output in the configuration file or by using the -D option above, the server cannot be run in back- ground mode. Doing so will cause the server to exit after announcing the error. -l log filename. Specify an alternate log file name to hold the error or warning messages in connection with the -D 2 option or the configuration file DebugDest = 2 setting. This option corresponds to the LogFile setting in the con- figuration file. The default is /var/spool/rpld.log. -s start delay count. This option corresponds to the StartDelay setting in the configuration file. Specify the number of delay units between outgoing data frames sent to clients to SunOS 5.8 Last change: 3 Apr 1997 4 Maintenance Commands rpld(1M) avoid retransmission requests from them. Using the LLC type 1 protocol, data transfer is a one-way, best-effort delivery mechanism. The server, without any type of delay mechanism, can overrun the client by sending data frames too quickly. Therefore, a vari- able delay is built into the server to limit the speed of sending data to the clients, thus avoiding the clients sending back retransmission requests. This value should be machine environment specific. If you have a fast server machine but slow client machines, you may want to set a large start delay count. If you have comparable server and client machines, the delay count may be set to 1. The delay is only approximate and should not be taken as an accurate measure of time. There is no specific correlation between the delay unit and the actual time of delay. The default value is 20. -g delay granularity. This corresponds to the DelayGran setting in the con- figuration file. If retransmission requests from clients do occur, the delay granularity factor will be used to adjust the delay count for this client upwards or downwards. If the retransmission request is caused by data overrun, the delay count will be incremented by delay granularity units to increase the delay between data frames. If the retransmission request is caused by sending data too slowly, this will be used to adjust the delay count downwards to shorten the delay. Eventually the server will settle at the delay count value that works best with the speed of the client and no retransmission request will be needed. The default value is 2. -z frame size. This option corresponds to the FrameSize setting in the configuration file. This specifies the size of the data frames used to send data to the clients. This is limited by the underlying physical medium. For ethernet/802.3, the maximum physical frame size is 1500 octets. The default value is 1500. Note that the protocol overhead of LLC1 and RPL is 32 octets, resulting in a maximum data length of 1468 octets. Signals The RPL server accepts two signals to change run-time param- eters and display status information, respectively: HANGUP This will cause the RPL server to reread the default configuration file /etc/rpld.conf or an alternate con- figuration file if one is specified when the server is SunOS 5.8 Last change: 3 Apr 1997 5 Maintenance Commands rpld(1M) started. New values of certain parameters can be used immediately, such as DebugLevel, DebugDest, LogFile, DelayGran, and FrameSize. For MaxClients, if the server is already serving more than the new value, the server will not accept additional boot requests until the number has fallen below the MaxClients parameter. For StartDelay, this will only affect new boot requests. All the existing delay counts for the vari- ous clients in service will not be affected. Finally, the BackGround parameter will have no effect once the server has been running. You cannot change the mode of service without first killing the server and then restarting it. USR1 This signal will cause the server to dump all the parameter values and the status of each individual boot client to the destination specified by DebugDest.

FILES

/usr/sbin/rpld /etc/rpld.conf /var/spool/rpld.log /etc/ethers /etc/bootparams /rplboot

ATTRIBUTES

See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attri- butes: ____________________________________________________________ | ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE | |_____________________________|_____________________________| | Architecture | IA | |_____________________________|_____________________________| | Availability | SUNWcsu | |_____________________________|_____________________________|

SEE ALSO

bootparamd(1M), in.rarpd(1M), bootparams(4), ethers(4), nsswitch.conf(4), rpld.conf(4), attributes(5) Solaris 8 Advanced Installation Guide SunOS 5.8 Last change: 3 Apr 1997 6