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SunOS man pages : pushd (1)

User Commands                                               cd(1)

NAME

cd, chdir, pushd, popd, dirs - change working directory

SYNOPSIS

/usr/bin/cd [ directory ] sh cd [ argument ] chdir [ argument ] csh cd [ dir ] chdir [ dir ] pushd [ +n | dir ] popd [ + n ] dirs [ -l ] ksh cd [ arg ] cd old new

DESCRIPTION

/usr/bin/cd The cd utility will change the working directory of the current shell execution environment. When invoked with no operands, and the HOME environment variable is set to a non-empty value, the directory named in the HOME environment variable will become the new working directory. sh The Bourne shell built-in cd changes the current directory to argument. The shell parameter HOME is the default argu- ment. The shell parameter CDPATH defines the search path for the directory containing argument. Alternative directory names are separated by a colon (:). The default path is <null> (specifying the current directory). Note: The current directory is specified by a null path name, which can appear immediately after the equal sign or between the colon delimiters anywhere else in the path list. If argument begins with `/', `.', or `.. ', the search path is not used. Otherwise, each directory in the path is searched for argu- ment. cd must have execute (search) permission in argument. Because a new process is created to execute each command, cd would be ineffective if it were written as a normal command; therefore, it is recognized by and is internal to the shell. (See pwd(1), sh(1), and chdir(2)). SunOS 5.8 Last change: 28 Mar 1995 1 User Commands cd(1) chdir is just another way to call cd. csh If dir is not specified, the C shell built-in cd uses the value of shell parameter HOME as the new working directory. If dir specifies a complete path starting with ` / ', ` . ', or ` .. ', dir becomes the new working directory. If neither case applies, cd tries to find the designated directory relative to one of the paths specified by the CDPATH shell variable. CDPATH has the same syntax as, and similar semantics to, the PATH shell variable. cd must have execute (search) permission in dir. Because a new process is created to execute each com- mand, cd would be ineffective if it were written as a normal command; therefore, it is recognized by and is internal to the C-shell. (See pwd(1), sh(1), and chdir(2)). chdir changes the shell's working directory to directory dir. If no argument is given, change to the home directory of the user. If dir is a relative pathname not found in the current directory, check for it in those directories listed in the cdpath variable. If dir is the name of a shell vari- able whose value starts with a /, change to the directory named by that value. pushd will push a directory onto the directory stack. With no arguments, exchange the top two elements. +n Rotate the n'th entry to the top of the stack and cd to it. dir Push the current working directory onto the stack and change to dir. popd pops the directory stack and cd to the new top direc- tory. The elements of the directory stack are numbered from 0 starting at the top. +n Discard the n'th entry in the stack. dirs will print the directory stack, most recent to the left; the first directory shown is the current directory. With the -l argument, produce an unabbreviated printout; use of the ~ notation is suppressed. ksh The Korn shell built-in cd command can be in either of two forms. In the first form it changes the current directory to arg. If arg is - the directory is changed to the previous directory. The shell variable HOME is the default arg. The variable PWD is set to the current directory. The shell variable CDPATH defines the search path for the directory SunOS 5.8 Last change: 28 Mar 1995 2 User Commands cd(1) containing arg. Alternative directory names are separated by a colon (:). The default path is <null> (specifying the current directory). Note that the current directory is specified by a null path name, which can appear immediately after the equal sign or between the colon delimiters any- where else in the path list. If arg begins with a ` / ', ` . ', or ` .. ', then the search path is not used. Otherwise, each directory in the path is searched for arg. The second form of cd substitutes the string new for the string old in the current directory name, PWD and tries to change to this new directory. The cd command may not be executed by rksh. Because a new process is created to execute each command, cd would be ineffective if it were written as a normal command; there- fore, it is recognized by and is internal to the Korn shell. (See pwd(1), sh(1), and chdir(2)).

OPERANDS

The following operands are supported: directory An absolute or relative pathname of the directory that becomes the new working directory. The interpretation of a relative pathname by cd depends on the CDPATH environment variable.

OUTPUT

If a non-empty directory name from CDPATH is used, an abso- lute pathname of the new working directory will be written to the standard output as follows: "%s\n", <new directory> Otherwise, there will be no output.

ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES

See environ(5) for descriptions of the following environment variables that affect the execution of cd: LC_CTYPE, LC_MESSAGES, and NLSPATH. CDPATH A colon-separated list of pathnames that refer to directories. If the directory operand does not begin with a slash ( / ) character, and the first component is not dot or dot-dot, cd will search for directory relative to each directory named in the CDPATH variable, in the order listed. The new working directory will be set to the first match- ing directory found. An empty string in place of SunOS 5.8 Last change: 28 Mar 1995 3 User Commands cd(1) a directory pathname represents the current directory. If CDPATH is not set, it will be treated as if it were an empty string. HOME The name of the home directory, used when no directory operand is specified. PWD A pathname of the current working directory, set by cd after it has changed to that directory.

EXIT STATUS

The following exit values are returned by cd: 0 The directory was successfully changed. >0 An error occurred.

ATTRIBUTES

See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attri- butes: ____________________________________________________________ | ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE | |_____________________________|_____________________________| | Availability | SUNWcsu | |_____________________________|_____________________________|

SEE ALSO

csh(1), ksh(1), pwd(1), sh(1), chdir(2), attributes(5), environ(5) SunOS 5.8 Last change: 28 Mar 1995 4