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SunOS man pages : pr (1)

User Commands                                               pr(1)

NAME

pr - print files

SYNOPSIS

/usr/bin/pr [ + page ] [ -column ] [ -adFmrt ] [ -e [ char ] [ gap ] ] [ -h header ] [ -i [ char ] [ gap ] ] [ -l lines ] [ -n [ char ] [ width ] ] [ -o offset ] [ -s [ char ] ] [ -w width ] [ -fp ] [ file ... ] /usr/xpg4/bin/pr [ + page ] [ -column | -c column ] [ -adFmrt ] [ -e [ char ] [ gap ] ] [ -h header ] [ -i [ char ] [ gap ] ] [ -l lines ] [ -n [ char ] [ width ] ] [ -o offset ] [ -s [ char ] ] [ -w width ] [ -fp ] [ file ... ]

DESCRIPTION

The pr utility is a printing and pagination filter. If mul- tiple input files are specified, each is read, formatted, and written to standard output. By default, the input is separated into 66-line pages, each with: o a 5-line header that includes the page number, date, time and the path name of the file o a 5-line trailer consisting of blank lines If standard output is associated with a terminal, diagnostic messages will be deferred until the pr utility has completed processing. When options specifying multi-column output are specified, output text columns will be of equal width; input lines that do not fit into a text column will be truncated. By default, text columns are separated with at least one blank charac- ter.

OPTIONS

The following options are supported. In the following option descriptions, column, lines, offset, page, and width are positive decimal integers; gap is a non-negative decimal integer. Some of the option-arguments are optional, and some of the option-arguments cannot be specified as separate arguments from the preceding option letter. In particular, the -s option does not allow the option letter to be separated from its argument, and the options -e, -i, and -n require that both arguments, if present, not be separated from the option letter. The following options are supported for both /usr/bin/pr and /usr/xpg4/bin/pr: SunOS 5.8 Last change: 18 Mar 1997 1 User Commands pr(1) +page Begin output at page number page of the formatted input. -column Produce multi-column output that is arranged in column columns (default is 1) and is written down each column in the order in which the text is received from the input file. This option should not be used with -m. The -e and -i options will be assumed for multiple text-column output. Whether or not text columns are produced with identical vertical lengths is unspeci- fied, but a text column will never exceed the length of the page (see the -l option). When used with -t, use the minimum number of lines to write the output. -a Modify the effect of the -column option so that the columns are filled across the page in a round-robin order (for example, when column is 2, the first input line heads column 1, the second heads column 2, the third is the second line in column 1, and so forth). -d Produce output that is double-spaced; append an extra NEWLINE character following every NEWLINE character found in the input. -e[char][gap] Expand each input TAB character to the next greater column position specified by the formula n *gap+1, where n is an integer >0. If gap is 0 or is omitted, it defaults to 8. All TAB characters in the input will be expanded into the appropriate number of SPACE char- acters. If any non-digit character, char, is speci- fied, it will be used as the input tab character. -f Use a FORMFEED character for new pages, instead of the default behavior that uses a sequence of NEWLINE char- acters. Pause before beginning the first page if the standard output is associated with a terminal. -h header Use the string header to replace the contents of the file operand in the page header. -l lines Override the 66-line default and reset the page length to lines. If lines is not greater than the sum of both the header and trailer depths (in lines), pr will suppress both the header and trailer, as if the -t option were in effect. -m Merge files. Standard output will be formatted so pr writes one line from each file specified by file, side SunOS 5.8 Last change: 18 Mar 1997 2 User Commands pr(1) by side into text columns of equal fixed widths, in terms of the number of column positions. Implementa- tions support merging of at least nine files. -n[char][width] Provide width-digit line numbering (default for width is 5). The number will occupy the first width column positions of each text column of default output or each line of -m output. If char (any non-digit charac- ter) is given, it will be appended to the line number to separate it from whatever follows (default for char is a TAB character). -o offset Each line of output will be preceded by offset <space>s. If the -o option is not specified, the default offset is 0. The space taken will be in addi- tion to the output line width (see -w option below). -p Pause before beginning each page if the standard out- put is directed to a terminal (pr will write an ALERT character to standard error and wait for a carriage- return character to be read on /dev/tty). -r Write no diagnostic reports on failure to open files. -s[char] Separate text columns by the single character char instead of by the appropriate number of SPACE charac- ters (default for char is the TAB character). -t Write neither the five-line identifying header nor the five-line trailer usually supplied for each page. Quit writing after the last line of each file without spac- ing to the end of the page. -w width Set the width of the line to width column positions for multiple text-column output only. If the -w option is not specified and the -s option is not specified, the default width is 72. If the -w option is not specified and the -s option is specified, the default width is 512. For single column output, input lines will not be truncated. /usr/bin/pr The following options are supported for /usr/bin/pr only: -F Fold the lines of the input file. When used in multi- column mode (with the -a or -m options), lines will be SunOS 5.8 Last change: 18 Mar 1997 3 User Commands pr(1) folded to fit the current column's width; otherwise, they will be folded to fit the current line width (80 columns). -i[char][gap] In output, replace SPACE characters with TAB charac- ters wherever one or more adjacent SPACE characters reach column positions gap+1, 2*gap+1, 3*gap+1, and so forth. If gap is 0 or is omitted, default TAB settings at every eighth column position are assumed. If any non-digit character, char, is specified, it will be used as the output TAB character. /usr/xpg4/bin/pr The following options are supported for /usr/xpg4/bin/pr only: -F Use a FORMFEED character for new pages, instead of the default behavior that uses a sequence of NEWLINE char- acters. -i[char][gap] In output, replace multiple SPACE characters with TAB characters wherever two or more adjacent SPACE charac- ters reach column positions gap+1, 2*gap+1, 3*gap+1, and so forth. If gap is 0 or is omitted, default TAB settings at every eighth column position are assumed. If any non-digit character, char, is specified, it will be used as the output TAB character.

OPERANDS

The following operand is supported: file A path name of a file to be written. If no file operands are specified, or if a file operand is -, the standard input will be used.

EXAMPLES

Example 1: Print a numbered list of all files in the current directory: ls -a | pr -n -h "Files in $(pwd)." Example 2: Print file1 and file2 as a double-spaced, three- column listing headed by "file list": pr -3d -h "file list" file1 file2 Example 3: Write file1 on file2, expanding tabs to columns 10, 19, 28, ... : SunOS 5.8 Last change: 18 Mar 1997 4 User Commands pr(1) pr -e9 -t <file1 >file2

ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES

See environ(5) for descriptions of the following environment variables that affect the execution of pr: LC_CTYPE, LC_MESSAGES, LC_TIME, TZ, and NLSPATH.

EXIT STATUS

The following exit values are returned: 0 Successful completion. >0 An error occurred.

ATTRIBUTES

See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attri- butes: /usr/bin/pr ____________________________________________________________ | ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE | |_____________________________|_____________________________| | Availability | SUNWcsu | |_____________________________|_____________________________| | CSI | enabled | |_____________________________|_____________________________| /usr/xpg4/bin/pr ____________________________________________________________ | ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE | |_____________________________|_____________________________| | Availability | SUNWxcu4 | |_____________________________|_____________________________| | CSI | enabled | |_____________________________|_____________________________|

SEE ALSO

expand(1), lp(1), attributes(5), environ(5), XPG4(5) SunOS 5.8 Last change: 18 Mar 1997 5