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SunOS man pages : notify (1)

User Commands                                             jobs(1)

NAME

jobs, fg, bg, stop, notify - control process execution

SYNOPSIS

sh jobs [ -p | -l ] [ % job_id ... ] jobs -x command [ arguments ] fg [ % job_id ... ] bg [ % job_id ... ] stop % job_id ... stop pid ... csh jobs [ -l ] fg [ % job_id ] bg [ % job_id ... ] notify [ % job_id ] ... stop % job_id ... stop pid ... ksh jobs [ -lnp ] [ % job_id ... ] fg [ % job_id ... ] bg [ % job_id ... ] stop % job_id ... stop pid ...

DESCRIPTION

sh When Job Control is enabled, the Bourne shell built-in jobs reports all jobs that are stopped or executing in the back- ground. If %job_id is omitted, all jobs that are stopped or running in the background will be reported. The following options will modify/enhance the output of jobs: -l Report the process group ID and working directory of the jobs. SunOS 5.8 Last change: 11 Apr 1995 1 User Commands jobs(1) -p Report only the process group ID of the jobs. -x Replace any job_id found in command or arguments with the corresponding process group ID, and then execute command passing it arguments. When the shell is invoked as jsh, Job Control is enabled in addition to all of the functionality described previously for sh. Typically Job Control is enabled for the interactive shell only. Non-interactive shells typically do not benefit from the added functionality of Job Control. With Job Control enabled every command or pipeline the user enters at the terminal is called a job_id. All jobs exist in one of the following states: foreground, background or stopped. These terms are defined as follows: 1) a job in the foreground has read and write access to the controlling ter- minal; 2) a job in the background is denied read access and has conditional write access to the controlling terminal (see stty(1)); 3) a stopped job is a job that has been placed in a suspended state, usually as a result of a SIGTSTP signal (see signal(5)). Every job that the shell starts is assigned a positive integer, called a job_id number which is tracked by the shell and will be used as an identifier to indicate a specific job. Additionally the shell keeps track of the current and previous jobs. The current job is the most recent job to be started or restarted. The previous job is the first non-current job. The acceptable syntax for a Job Identifier is of the form: %job_id where, job_id may be specified in any of the following for- mats: % or + for the current job - for the previous job ?<string> specify the job for which the command line uniquely contains string. n for job number n, where n is a job number pref where pref is a unique prefix of the command name (for example, if the command ls -l name were running in the SunOS 5.8 Last change: 11 Apr 1995 2 User Commands jobs(1) background, it could be referred to as %ls); pref can- not contain blanks unless it is quoted. When Job Control is enabled, fg resumes the execution of a stopped job in the foreground, also moves an executing back- ground job into the foreground. If %job_id is omitted the current job is assumed. When Job Control is enabled, bg resumes the execution of a stopped job in the background. If %job_id is omitted the current job is assumed. stop stops the execution of a background job(s) by using its job_id, or of any process by using its pid; see ps(1). csh The C shell built-in, jobs, without an argument, lists the active jobs under job control. -l List process IDs, in addition to the normal informa- tion. The shell associates a numbered job_id with each command sequence to keep track of those commands that are running in the background or have been stopped with TSTP signals (typi- cally CTRL-Z). When a command or command sequence (semicolon separated list) is started in the background using the & metacharacter, the shell displays a line with the job number in brackets and a list of associated process numbers: [1] 1234 To see the current list of jobs, use the jobs built-in com- mand. The job most recently stopped (or put into the back- ground if none are stopped) is referred to as the current job and is indicated with a `+'. The previous job is indi- cated with a `-'; when the current job is terminated or moved to the foreground, this job takes its place (becomes the new current job). To manipulate jobs, refer to the bg, fg, kill, stop, and % built-in commands. A reference to a job begins with a `%'. By itself, the percent-sign refers to the current job. % %+ %% The current job. %- The previous job. SunOS 5.8 Last change: 11 Apr 1995 3 User Commands jobs(1) %j Refer to job j as in: `kill -9 %j'. j can be a job number, or a string that uniquely specifies the com- mand line by which it was started; `fg %vi' might bring a stopped vi job to the foreground, for instance. %?string Specify the job for which the command line uniquely contains string. A job running in the background stops when it attempts to read from the terminal. Background jobs can normally produce output, but this can be suppressed using the `stty tostop' command. fg brings the current or specified job_id into the fore- ground. bg runs the current or specified jobs in the background. stop stops the execution of a background job(s) by using its job_id, or of any process by using its pid; see ps(1). notify will notify the user asynchronously when the status of the current job or specified jobs changes. ksh jobs displays the status of the jobs that were started in the current shell environment. When jobs reports the termi- nation status of a job, the shell removes its process ID from the list of those "known in the current shell execution environment." job_id specifies the jobs for which the status is to be displayed. If no job_id is given, the status information for all jobs will be displayed. The following options will modify/enhance the output of jobs: -l (The letter ell.) Provide more information about each job listed. This information includes the job number, current job, process group ID, state and the command that formed the job. -n Display only jobs that have stopped or exited since last notified. -p Displays only the process IDs for the process group leaders of the selected jobs. SunOS 5.8 Last change: 11 Apr 1995 4 User Commands jobs(1) By default, jobs displays the status of all the stopped jobs, running background jobs, and all jobs whose status has changed and have not been reported by the shell. If the monitor option of the set command is turned on, an interactive shell associates a job with each pipeline. It keeps a table of current jobs, printed by the jobs command, and assigns them small integer numbers. When a job is started asynchronously with &, the shell prints a line which looks like: [1] 1234 indicating that the job, which was started asynchronously, was job number 1 and had one (top-level) process, whose pro- cess id was 1234. If you are running a job and wish to do something else you may hit the key ^Z (CTRL-Z) which sends a STOP signal to the current job. The shell will then normally indicate that the job has been `Stopped' (see OUTPUT below), and print another prompt. You can then manipulate the state of this job, put- ting it in the background with the bg command, or run some other commands and then eventually bring the job back into the foreground with the foreground command fg. A ^Z takes effect immediately and is like an interrupt in that pending output and unread input are discarded when it is typed. There are several ways to refer to jobs in the shell. A job can be referred to by the process id of any process of the job or by one of the following: %number The job with the given number. %string Any job whose command line begins with string; works only in the interactive mode when the history file is active. %?string Any job whose command line contains string; works only in the interactive mode when the history file is active. %% Current job. %+ Equivalent to %%. %- Previous job. SunOS 5.8 Last change: 11 Apr 1995 5 User Commands jobs(1) The shell learns immediately whenever a process changes state. It normally informs you whenever a job becomes blocked so that no further progress is possible, but only just before it prints a prompt. This is done so that it does not otherwise disturb your work. When the monitor mode is on, each background job that completes triggers any trap set for CHLD. When you try to leave the shell while jobs are running or stopped, you will be warned that `You have stopped (running) jobs.' You may use the jobs command to see what they are. If you do this or immediately try to exit again, the shell will not warn you a second time, and the stopped jobs will be terminated. fg will move a background job from the current environment into the foreground. Using fg to place a job in the fore- ground will remove its process ID from the list of those "known in the current shell execution environment." The fg command is available only on systems that support job con- trol. If job_id is not specified, the current job is brought into the foreground. bg resumes suspended jobs from the current environment by running them as background jobs. If the job specified by job_id is already a running background job, bg has no effect and will exit successfully. Using bg to place a job into the background causes its process ID to become ``known in the current shell execution environment'', as if it had been started as an asynchronous list. The bg command is available only on systems that support job control. If job_id is not specified, the current job is placed in the background. stop stops the execution of a background job(s) by using its job_id, or of any process by using its pid; see ps(1).

OUTPUT

If the -p option is specified, the output consists of one line for each process ID: "%d\n", <"process ID"> Otherwise, if the -l option is not specified, the output is a series of lines of the form: "[%d] %c %s %s\n", <job-number>, <current>, <state>, <command> where the fields are as follows: <current> The character + identifies the job that would be used SunOS 5.8 Last change: 11 Apr 1995 6 User Commands jobs(1) as a default for the fg or bg commands; this job can also be specified using the job_id %+ or %% . The character - identifies the job that would become the default if the current default job were to exit; this job can also be specified using the job_id %- . For other jobs, this field is a space character. At most one job can be identified with + and at most one job can be identified with -. If there is any suspended job, then the current job will be a suspended job. If there are at least two suspended jobs, then the previ- ous job will also be a suspended job. <job-number> A number that can be used to identify the process group to the wait, fg, bg, and kill utilities. Using these utilities, the job can be identified by prefix- ing the job number with %. <state> One of the following strings (in the POSIX Locale): Running Indicates that the job has not been suspended by a signal and has not exited. Done Indicates that the job completed and returned exit status zero. Done(code) Indicates that the job completed normally and that it exited with the specified non-zero exit status, code, expressed as a decimal number. Stopped Stopped(SIGTSTP) Indicates that the job was suspended by the SIGTSTP signal. Stopped(SIGSTOP) Indicates that the job was suspended by the SIGSTOP signal. Stopped(SIGTTIN) Indicates that the job was suspended by the SIGTTIN signal. Stopped(SIGTTOU) Indicates that the job was suspended by the SIGTTOU signal. SunOS 5.8 Last change: 11 Apr 1995 7 User Commands jobs(1) The implementation may substitute the string Suspended in place of Stopped. If the job was terminated by a signal, the format of state is unspecified, but it will be visibly dis- tinct from all of the other state formats shown here and will indicate the name or description of the signal causing the termination. <command> The associated command that was given to the shell. If the -l option is specified, a field containing the pro- cess group ID is inserted before the state field. Also, more processes in a process group may be output on separate lines, using only the process ID and command fields.

ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES

See environ(5) for descriptions of the following environment variables that affect the execution of jobs, fg, and bg: LC_CTYPE, LC_MESSAGES, and NLSPATH.

EXIT STATUS

The following exit values are returned for jobs, fg, and bg: 0 Successful completion. >0 An error occurred.

ATTRIBUTES

See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attri- butes: ____________________________________________________________ | ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE | |_____________________________|_____________________________| | Availability | SUNWcsu | |_____________________________|_____________________________|

SEE ALSO

csh(1), kill(1), ksh(1), ps(1), sh(1), stop(1), shell_builtins(1), stty(1), wait(1), attributes(5), environ(5), signal(5) SunOS 5.8 Last change: 11 Apr 1995 8