- online man pages   

SunOS man pages : fncreate_fs (1)

Maintenance Commands                              fncreate_fs(1M)


fncreate_fs - create FNS file system contexts


fncreate_fs [ -r ] [ -v ] -f input_file composite_name fncreate_fs [ -r ] [ -v ] composite_name [ mount_options ] [ mount_location ... ]


The fncreate_fs command creates or updates the FNS file system context named by composite_name. A description of the context's bindings is provided in input_file if the first form of the command is used, or is given on the com- mand line if the second form is used.


-r Replace the bindings in the context named by composite_name with only those specified in the input. This is equivalent to destroying the context (and, recursively, its subcontexts), and then running fncreate_fs without this option. This option should be used with care. -v Verbose. Display information about the contexts being created and modified. -f input_file Read input from input_file. If input_file is '-' (hyphen), read from standard input instead.


The following operand is supported: composite_name An FNS named object.


The fncreate_fs command populates the file system portions of the FNS namespace. The automounter (see automount(1M)) will then "mount" the FNS namespace under /xfn. The direc- tory with the FNS name org/engineering/fs, for example, can be found on the file system as /xfn/org/engineering/fs. The format of the input to fncreate_fs is similar, but not identical, to the format of indirect automount maps. Differences are enumerated in the NOTES section below. Input File Format The input file supplies the names and values to be bound in the context of composite_name. Its format is a sequence of lines of the form: SunOS 5.8 Last change: 22 Nov 1996 1 Maintenance Commands fncreate_fs(1M) name [ -options ] [ location ...] For each such entry, a reference to the location(s) and the corresponding options is bound to the name composite_name/name. The name field may be a simple atomic name, a slash-separated hierarchical name, or '.' (period). If it is '.' then the reference is bound directly to composite_name. The name field must not begin with a slash. The location field specifies the host or hosts that serve the files for composite_name/name. In the case of a simple NFS mount, location takes the form: host:path where host is the name of the host from which to mount the file system, and path is the path name of the directory to mount. The options field is a comma-separated list of the mount options to use when mounting the location bound to composite_name/name. These options also apply to any subcon- texts of composite_name/name that do not specify their own mount options. If options is given but location is not, the options apply to subcontexts only. If neither options nor a location is given, then no refer- ence is bound to composite_name/name. Any existing reference is unbound. A single logical line may be continued across multiple input lines by escaping the newline with a '\' (backslash). Com- ments begin with a '#' that is either at the beginning of a line or is prefixed by whitespace, and end at the end of the line. Command-line Input If no input_file is specified on the command line, then the options and location fields given on the command line are bound directly to composite_name. This is equivalent to providing a one-line input file with a '.' in the name field. Multiple Locations Multiple location fields may be specified for NFS file systems that are exported from multiple, functionally- equivalent locations. If several locations in the list share the same path name, they may be combined using a comma-separated list of host names: SunOS 5.8 Last change: 22 Nov 1996 2 Maintenance Commands fncreate_fs(1M) host1,host2,...:path The hosts may be weighted, with the weighting factor appended to the host name as a non-negative integer in parentheses: the lower the number, the more desirable the server. The default weighting factor is 0 (most desir- able). In the example: alpha,bravo,charlie(1),delta(2):/usr/man hosts alpha and bravo are the most desirable; host delta is the least desirable. See the USAGE section of automount(1M) for additional information on how the automounter interprets the location field. Variable Substitution Variable names, prefixed by '$', may be used with the options or location fields. For example, a location may be given as: svr1:/export/$CPU The automounter will substitute client-specific values for these variables when mounting the corresponding file sys- tems. In the above example, $CPU is replaced by the output of uname -p; for example, "sparc". See the USAGE section of automount(1M) for more information on how the auto- mounter treats variable substitution. Alternate Input Format For additional compatibility with automount maps (see automount(1M)), the following input format is accepted: name [options] [location ...] \ /offset1 [options1] location1 ... \ /offset2 [options2] location2 ... \ ... where each offset field is a slash-separated hierar- chy. This is interpreted as being equivalent to: name [options] [location ...^] name/offset1 [options1] location1 ... name/offset2 [options2] location2 ... ... (the first line being omitted if both options and location are omitted). SunOS 5.8 Last change: 22 Nov 1996 3 Maintenance Commands fncreate_fs(1M) This format is for compatibility only; it provides no addi- tional functionality. Its use is deprecated.


Example 1: Using the fncreate_fs Command The following examples illustrate the use of the fncreate_fs command. The call: example% cat input1 src -ro svr1:/export/src dist -ro svr2,svr3:/export/dist example% fncreate_fs -f input1 org/engineering/fs creates a file system context for the engineering organiza- tion. It specifies that org/engineering/fs/src is a read- only NFS mount from server svr1, and that org/engineering/fs/dist is a read-only NFS mount from either svr2 or svr3. Once this is done, there are several equivalent ways to create the engineering organization's src/cmd context. It could be done using the composite name org/engineering/fs: example% cat input2 src/cmd svr1:/export/cmd example% fncreate_fs -f input2 org/engineering/fs Equivalently, it could be done using the composite name org/engineering/fs/src: example% cat input3 cmd svr1:/export/cmd example% fncreate_fs -f input3 org/engineering/fs/src The same results could also be achieved by: example% fncreate_fs org/engineering/fs/src/cmd svr1:/export/cmd Note that cmd will also be mounted read-only, since it is a subcontext of src and does not have mount options of its own. In the first example of this section, the -ro mount option was specified for each entry in the input file. It could instead have been specified only once: example% cat input4 . -ro src svr1:/export/src dist svr2,svr3:/export/dist example% fncreate_fs -f input4 org/engineering/fs SunOS 5.8 Last change: 22 Nov 1996 4 Maintenance Commands fncreate_fs(1M) The -ro option here applies to all bindings in the context org/engineering/fs and any of its subcontexts. In particu- lar, it also applies to the cmd context from the above examples. The following will change the NFS server for the src con- text: example% fncreate_fs org/engineering/fs/src svr4:/export/src Had the -r option been used, the cmd subcontext would have been destroyed as well: example% fncreate_fs -r org/engineering/fs/src svr4:/export/src Only the FNS context is destroyed. The /export/cmd direc- tory on svr1 is not affected. The file system contexts of users and hosts are not usually created by fncreate_fs (see the NOTES section below). The defaults set by fncreate, however, may be overridden. For example, the call: example% fncreate_fs user/jane/fs svr1:/export/home/jane sets Jane's file system to be an NFS mount from svr1.


0 Operation was successful. 1 Operation failed.


See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attri- butes: ____________________________________________________________ | ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE | |_____________________________|_____________________________| | Availability | SUNWfns | |_____________________________|_____________________________|


fnbind(1), fnlist(1), fnlookup(1), fnunbind(1), nis+(1), automount(1M), fncreate(1M), fndestroy(1M), attributes(5), fns(5), fns_files(5), fns_nis(5), fns_nis+(5), fns_policies(5)


The fncreate_fs command affects the FNS file system namespace only. It does not have any effect on the servers that export the files and directories from which the namespace is constructed. Destroying an FNS context does SunOS 5.8 Last change: 22 Nov 1996 5 Maintenance Commands fncreate_fs(1M) not remove any files on any server. FNS policies specify that file system contexts are bound after the namespace identifier fs in composite names (see fns_policies(5)). Therefore, composite_name must contain an fs. The alias _fs may be used in place of fs. The context named by the components of composite_name preceding fs must exist prior to the call to fncreate_fs, since fncreate_fs creates only file system contexts. Default file system contexts for hosts and users are gen- erally created by the command fncreate(1M). These defaults may be overridden using fncreate_fs. Overriding a host's default file system context is unlikely to make sense. The input file format is similar to the format of indirect automount maps (see automount(1M)). The differences are: o the name field may be hierarchical, and may be '.' o there are no included maps or special maps o there may be entries with neither options nor loca- tions o the characters '*' and '&' have no special meaning The process executing the fncreate_fs command may need cer- tain credentials to update information in the underlying naming service. See fns_nis(5), fns_nis+(5), and fns_files(5) for more information. SunOS 5.8 Last change: 22 Nov 1996 6