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SunOS man pages : export (1)

User Commands                                              set(1)

NAME

set, unset, setenv, unsetenv, export - shell built-in func- tions to determine the characteristics for environmental variables of the current shell and its descendents

SYNOPSIS

sh set [ --aefhkntuvx [ argument ] ] ... unset [ name ... ] export [ name ... ] csh set [ var [ = value ] ] set var [ n ] = word unset pattern setenv [ VAR [ word ] ] unsetenv variable ksh set [ _aefhkmnopstuvx ] [ _o option ] ... [ _A name ] [ arg ... ] unset [ -f ] name ... **export [ name [ =value ] ] ...

DESCRIPTION

sh The set built-in command has the following options: -- Do not change any of the flags; useful in setting $1 to -. -a Mark variables which are modified or created for export. -e Exit immediately if a command exits with a non-zero exit status. -f Disable file name generation. -h Locate and remember function commands as functions are defined (function commands are normally located when the function is executed). -k All keyword arguments are placed in the environment SunOS 5.8 Last change: 28 Apr 1997 1 User Commands set(1) for a command, not just those that precede the command name. -n Read commands but do not execute them. -t Exit after reading and executing one command. -u Treat unset variables as an error when substituting. -v Print shell input lines as they are read. -x Print commands and their arguments as they are exe- cuted. Using + rather than - causes these flags to be turned off. These flags can also be used upon invocation of the shell. The current set of flags may be found in $-. The remaining arguments are positional parameters and are assigned, in order, to $1, $2, .... If no arguments are given the values of all names are printed. For each name, unset removes the corresponding variable or function value. The variables PATH, PS1, PS2, MAILCHECK, and IF cannot be unset. With the export built-in, the given names are marked for automatic export to the environment of subsequently executed commands. If no arguments are given, variable names that have been marked for export during the current shell's exe- cution are listed. Function names are not exported. csh With no arguments, set displays the values of all shell variables. Multiword values are displayed as a parenthesized list. With the var argument alone, set assigns an empty (null) value to the variable var. With arguments of the form var = value set assigns value to var, where value is one of: word A single word (or quoted string). (wordlist) A space-separated list of words enclosed in parentheses. Values are command and filename expanded before being assigned. The form set var[n]=word replaces the n'th word in a multiword value with word. unset removes variables whose names match (filename substi- tution) pattern. All variables are removed by `unset *'; this has noticeably distasteful side effects. SunOS 5.8 Last change: 28 Apr 1997 2 User Commands set(1) With no arguments, setenv displays all environment vari- ables. With the VAR argument, setenv sets the environment variable VAR to an empty (null) value. (By convention, environment variables are normally given upper-case names.) With both VAR and word arguments specified, setenv sets VAR to word, which must be either a single word or a quoted string. The PATH variable can take multiple word arguments, separated by colons (see EXAMPLES). The most commonly used environment variables, USER, TERM, and PATH, are automati- cally imported to and exported from the csh variables user, term, and path. Use setenv if you need to change these vari- ables. In addition, the shell sets the PWD environment vari- able from the csh variable cwd whenever the latter changes. The environment variables LC_CTYPE, LC_MESSAGES, LC_TIME, LC_COLLATE, LC_NUMERIC, and LC_MONETARY take immediate effect when changed within the C shell. See environ(5) for descriptions of these environment variables. unsetenv removes variable from the environment. As with unset, pattern matching is not performed. ksh The flags for the set built-in have meaning as follows: -A Array assignment. Unset the variable name and assign values sequentially from the list arg. If +A is used, the variable name is not unset first. -a All subsequent variables that are defined are automat- ically exported. -e If a command has a non-zero exit status, execute the ERR trap, if set, and exit. This mode is disabled while reading profiles. -f Disables file name generation. -h Each command becomes a tracked alias when first encountered. -k All variable assignment arguments are placed in the environment for a command, not just those that precede the command name. -m Background jobs will run in a separate process group and a line will print upon completion. The exit status of background jobs is reported in a completion message. On systems with job control, this flag is turned on automatically for interactive shells. -n Read commands and check them for syntax errors, but do SunOS 5.8 Last change: 28 Apr 1997 3 User Commands set(1) not execute them. Ignored for interactive shells. -o The following argument can be one of the following option names: allexport Same as -a. errexit Same as -e. bgnice All background jobs are run at a lower priority. This is the default mode. emacs Puts you in an emacs style in-line editor for command entry. gmacs Puts you in a gmacs style in-line editor for command entry. ignoreeof The shell will not exit on end-of-file. The command exit must be used. keyword Same as -k. markdirs All directory names resulting from file name generation have a trailing / appended. monitor Same as -m. noclobber Prevents redirection > from truncating existing files. Require >| to truncate a file when turned on. noexec Same as -n. noglob Same as -f. nolog Do not save function definitions in history file. nounset Same as -u. privileged Same as -p. SunOS 5.8 Last change: 28 Apr 1997 4 User Commands set(1) verbose Same as -v. trackall Same as -h. vi Puts you in insert mode of a vi style in-line editor until you hit escape character 033. This puts you in control mode. A return sends the line. viraw Each character is processed as it is typed in vi mode. xtrace Same as -x. If no option name is supplied then the current option set- tings are printed. -p Disables processing of the $HOME/.profile file and uses the file /etc/suid_profile instead of the ENV file. This mode is on whenever the effective uid is not equal to the real uid, or when the effective gid is not equal to the real gid. Turning this off causes the effective uid and gid to be set to the real uid and gid. -s Sort the positional parameters lexicographically. -t Exit after reading and executing one command. -u Treat unset parameters as an error when substituting. -v Print shell input lines as they are read. -x Print commands and their arguments as they are exe- cuted. - Turns off -x and -v flags and stops examining argu- ments for flags. - Do not change any of the flags; useful in setting $1 to a value beginning with -. If no arguments follow this flag then the positional parameters are unset. Using + rather than - causes these flags to be turned off. These flags can also be used upon invocation of the shell. The current set of flags may be found in $-. Unless -A is specified, the remaining arguments are positional parameters and are assigned, in order, to $1 $2 .... If no arguments SunOS 5.8 Last change: 28 Apr 1997 5 User Commands set(1) are given then the names and values of all variables are printed on the standard output. The variables given by the list of names are unassigned, i.e., their values and attributes are erased. readonly vari- ables cannot be unset. If the -f, flag is set, then the names refer to function names. Unsetting ERRNO, LINENO, MAILCHECK, OPTARG, OPTIND, RANDOM, SECONDS, TMOUT, and _ removes their special meaning even if they are subsequently assigned. When using unset, the variables given by the list of names are unassigned, i.e., their values and attributes are erased. readonly variables cannot be unset. If the -f, flag is set, then the names refer to function names. Unsetting ERRNO, LINENO, MAILCHECK, OPTARG, OPTIND, RANDOM, SECONDS, TMOUT, and _ removes their special meaning even if they are subsequently assigned. With the export built-in, the given names are marked for automatic export to the environment of subsequently-executed commands. On this man page, ksh(1) commands that are preceded by one or two * (asterisks) are treated specially in the following ways: 1. Variable assignment lists preceding the command remain in effect when the command completes. 2. I/O redirections are processed after variable assign- ments. 3. Errors cause a script that contains them to abort. 4. Words, following a command preceded by ** that are in the format of a variable assignment, are expanded with the same rules as a variable assignment. This means that tilde substitution is performed after the = sign and word splitting and file name generation are not performed.

EXAMPLES

csh The following example sets the PATH variable to search for files in the /bin, /usr/bin, /usr/sbin, and /usr/ucb/bin directories, in that order. setenv PATH "/bin:/usr/bin:/usr/sbin:usr/ucb/bin"

ATTRIBUTES

SunOS 5.8 Last change: 28 Apr 1997 6 User Commands set(1) See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attri- butes: ____________________________________________________________ | ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE | | Availability | SUNWcsu | |_____________________________|_____________________________|

SEE ALSO

csh(1), ksh(1), read(1), sh(1), typeset(1), attributes(5), environ(5) SunOS 5.8 Last change: 28 Apr 1997 7