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SunOS man pages : expand (1)

User Commands                                           expand(1)

NAME

expand, unexpand - expand TAB characters to SPACE charac- ters, and vice versa

SYNOPSIS

expand [ -t tablist ] [ file ... ] expand [ -tabstop ] [ -tab1, tab2,. . ., tabn ] [ file ... ] unexpand [ -a ] [ -t tablist ] [ file ... ]

DESCRIPTION

expand copies files (or the standard input) to the standard output, with TAB characters expanded to SPACE characters. BACKSPACE characters are preserved into the output and decrement the column count for TAB calculations. expand is useful for pre-processing character files (before sorting, looking at specific columns, and so forth) that contain TAB characters. unexpand copies files (or the standard input) to the stan- dard output, putting TAB characters back into the data. By default, only leading SPACE and TAB characters are converted to strings of tabs, but this can be overridden by the -a option (see the OPTIONS section below).

OPTIONS

The following options are supported for expand: -t tablist Specify the tab stops. The argument tablist must con- sist of a single positive decimal integer or multiple positive decimal integers, separated by blank charac- ters or commas, in ascending order. If a single number is given, tabs will be set tablist column positions apart instead of the default 8. If multiple numbers are given, the tabs will be set at those specific column positions. Each tab-stop position N must be an integer value greater than zero, and the list must be in strictly ascending order. This is taken to mean that, from the start of a line of output, tabbing to position N causes the next character output to be in the (N+1)th column position on that line. In the event of expand having to process a tab charac- ter at a position beyond the last of those specified in a multiple tab-stop list, the tab character is replaced by a single space character in the output. SunOS 5.8 Last change: 1 Feb 1995 1 User Commands expand(1) -tabstop Specify as a single argument, sets TAB characters tabstop SPACE characters apart instead of the default 8. -tab1,tab2,...,tabn Set TAB characters at the columns specified by -tab1,tab2,...,tabn The following options are supported for unexpand: -a Insert TAB characters when replacing a run of two or more SPACE characters would produce a smaller output file. -t tablist Specify the tab stops. The option-argument tablist must be a single argument consisting of a single posi- tive decimal integer or multiple positive decimal integers, separated by blank characters or commas, in ascending order. If a single number is given, tabs will be set tablist column positions apart instead of the default 8. If multiple numbers are given, the tabs will be set at those specific column positions. Each tab-stop position N must be an integer value greater than zero, and the list must be in strictly ascending order. This is taken to mean that, from the start of a line of output, tabbing to position N will cause the next character output to be in the (N+1)th column position on that line. When the -t option is not specified, the default is the equivalent of specifying -t 8 (except for the interaction with -a, described below). No space-to-tab character conversions occur for char- acters at positions beyond the last of those specified in a multiple tab-stop list. When -t is specified, the presence or absence of the -a option is ignored; conversion will not be limited to the processing of leading blank characters.

OPERANDS

The following ooperand is supported for expand and unexpand: file The path name of a text file to be used as input.

ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES

See environ(5) for descriptions of the following environment variables that affect the execution of expand and unexpand: LC_CTYPE, LC_MESSAGES, and NLSPATH. SunOS 5.8 Last change: 1 Feb 1995 2 User Commands expand(1)

EXIT STATUS

The following exit values are returned: 0 Successful completion >0 An error occurred.

ATTRIBUTES

See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attri- butes: ____________________________________________________________ | ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE | | Availability | SUNWesu | | CSI | enabled | |_____________________________|_____________________________|

SEE ALSO

tabs(1), attributes(5), environ(5) SunOS 5.8 Last change: 1 Feb 1995 3