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SunOS man pages : dirname (1)

User Commands                                         basename(1)


basename, dirname - deliver portions of path names


/usr/bin/basename string [ suffix ] /usr/xpg4/bin/basename string [ suffix ] dirname string


The basename utility deletes any prefix ending in / and the suffix (if present in string) from string, and prints the result on the standard output. It is normally used inside substitution marks (``) within shell procedures. /usr/bin/basename The suffix is a pattern defined on the expr(1) manual page. /usr/xpg4/bin/basename The suffix is a string with no special significance attached to any of the characters it contains. The dirname utility delivers all but the last level of the path name in string.


Example 1: Examples of the basename command. The following example, invoked with the argument /home/sms/personal/mail sets the environment variable NAME to the file named mail and the environment variable MYMAIL- PATH to the string /home/sms/personal: example% NAME=`basename $HOME/personal/mail` example% MYMAILPATH=`dirname $HOME/personal/mail` This shell procedure, invoked with the argument /usr/src/bin/cat.c, compiles the named file and moves the output to cat in the current directory: example% cc $1 example% mv a.out `basename $1 .c`


See environ(5) for descriptions of the following environment variables that affect the execution of basename and dir- name: LC_CTYPE, LC_MESSAGES, and NLSPATH.


The following exit values are returned: SunOS 5.8 Last change: 18 Mar 1997 1 User Commands basename(1) 0 Successful completion. >0 An error occurred.


See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attri- butes: /usr/bin/basename ____________________________________________________________ | ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE | |_____________________________|_____________________________| | Availability | SUNWcsu | |_____________________________|_____________________________| /usr/xpg4/bin/basename ____________________________________________________________ | ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE | |_____________________________|_____________________________| | Availability | SUNWxcu4 | |_____________________________|_____________________________|


expr(1), attributes(5), environ(5), XPG4(5) SunOS 5.8 Last change: 18 Mar 1997 2