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SunOS man pages : csplit (1)

User Commands                                           csplit(1)


csplit - split files based on context


csplit [ -ks ] [ -f prefix ] [ -n number ] file arg1 ... argn


The csplit utility reads the file named by the file operand, writes all or part of that file into other files as directed by the arg operands, and writes the sizes of the files.


The following options are supported: -f prefix Name the created files prefix00, prefix01, ..., pre- fixn. The default is xx00 ... xxn. If the prefix argu- ment would create a file name exceeding 14 bytes, an error will result; csplit will exit with a diagnostic message and no files will be created. -k Leave previously created files intact. By default, csplit will remove created files if an error occurs. -n number Use number decimal digits to form filenames for the file pieces. The default is 2. -s Suppress the output of file size messages.


The following operands are supported: file The path name of a text file to be split. If file is -, the standard input will be used. The operands arg1 ... argn can be a combination of the fol- lowing: /rexp/[offset] Create a file using the content of the lines from the current line up to, but not including, the line that results from the evaluation of the regular expression with offset, if any, applied. The regular expression rexp must follow the rules for basic regular expres- sions. The optional offset must be a positive or nega- tive integer value representing a number of lines. The integer value must be preceded by + or -. If the selection of lines from an offset expression of this type would create a file with zero lines, or one with greater than the number of lines left in the input SunOS 5.8 Last change: 20 Dec 1996 1 User Commands csplit(1) file, the results are unspecified. After the section is created, the current line will be set to the line that results from the evaluation of the regular expression with any offset applied. The pattern match of rexp always is applied from the current line to the end of the file. %rexp%[offset] This operand is the same as /rexp/[offset], except that no file will be created for the selected section of the input file. line_no Create a file from the current line up to (but not including) the line number line_no. Lines in the file will be numbered starting at one. The current line becomes line_no. {num} Repeat operand. This operand can follow any of the operands described previously. If it follows a rexp type operand, that operand will be applied num more times. If it follows a line_no operand, the file will be split every line_no lines, num times, from that point. An error will be reported if an operand does not reference a line between the current position and the end of the file.


See largefile(5) for the description of the behavior of csplit when encountering files greater than or equal to 2 Gbyte ( 2**31 bytes).


Example 1: Splitting and combining files This example creates four files, cobol00...cobol03. example% csplit -f cobol filename '/procedure division/' /par5./ /par16./ After editing the ``split'' files, they can be recombined as follows: example% cat cobol0[0-3] > filename Note: This example overwrites the original file. Example 2: Splitting a file into equal parts This example splits the file at every 100 lines, up to 10,000 lines. The -k option causes the created files to be retained if there are less than 10,000 lines; however, an SunOS 5.8 Last change: 20 Dec 1996 2 User Commands csplit(1) error message would still be printed. example% csplit -k filename 100 {99} Example 3: Creating a file for separate C routines If prog.c follows the normal C coding convention (the last line of a routine consists only of a } in the first charac- ter position), this example creates a file for each separate C routine (up to 21) in prog.c. example% csplit -k prog.c '%main(%' '/^}/+1' {20}


See environ(5) for descriptions of the following environment variables that affect the execution of csplit: LC_COLLATE, LC_CTYPE, LC_MESSAGES, and NLSPATH.


The following exit values are returned: 0 Successful completion. >0 An error occurred.


See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attri- butes: ____________________________________________________________ | ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE | |_____________________________|_____________________________| | Availability | SUNWesu | |_____________________________|_____________________________| | CSI | Enabled | |_____________________________|_____________________________|


sed(1), split(1), attributes(5), environ(5), largefile(5)


The diagnostic messages are self-explanatory, except for the following: arg - out of range The given argument did not reference a line between the current position and the end of the file. SunOS 5.8 Last change: 20 Dec 1996 3