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SunOS man pages : coreadm (1)

Maintenance Commands                                  coreadm(1M)

NAME

coreadm - core file administration

SYNOPSIS

coreadm [ -g pattern ] [ -i pattern ] [ -d option ... ] [ -e option ... ] coreadm [ -p pattern ] [ pid ... ] coreadm -u

DESCRIPTION

The coreadm command is used to specify the name and location of core files produced by abnormally-terminating processes. See core(4). The first form shown in the synopsis can be executed only by the super-user and is used to configure system-wide core file options, including a global core file name pattern and a per-process core file name pattern for the init(1M) pro- cess. All such settings are saved in coreadm's configuration file /etc/coreadm.conf for setting on reboot. See init(1M) The second form can be executed by non-privileged users and is used to specify the file name pattern to be used by the operating system when generating a per-process core file. The third form can be executed only by the super-user and is used to update all system-wide core file options based on the contents of /etc/coreadm.conf. Normally this option is used only on reboot by the startup script /etc/init.d/coreadm. A core file name pattern is a normal file system path name with embedded variables, specified with a leading % charac- ter, that are expanded from values in effect when a core file is generated by the operating system. The possible variables are: %p process-ID %u effective user-ID %g effective group-ID %f executable file name %n system node name (uname -n) %m machine name (uname -m) %t decimal value of time(2) SunOS 5.8 Last change: 11 Nov 1999 1 Maintenance Commands coreadm(1M) %% literal % For example, the core file name pattern: /var/core/core.%f.%p would result, for command foo with process-ID 1234, in the core file name: /var/core/core.foo.1234 The coreadm command with no arguments reports the current system configuration, for example: $ coreadm global core file pattern: /var/core/core.%f.%p init core file pattern: core global core dumps: enabled per-process core dumps: enabled global setid core dumps: enabled per-process setid core dumps: disabled global core dump logging: disabled The coreadm command with only a list of process-IDs reports each process's per-process core file name pattern, for exam- ple: $ coreadm 278 5678 278: core.%f.%p 5678: /home/george/cores/%f.%p.%t Only the owner of a process or the super-user can interro- gate a process in this manner. When a process is dumping core, the operating system will generate two possible core files, the global core file and the per-process core file. Both files, one or the other, or no file will be generated, based on the system options in effect at the time. When generated, a global core file will be created mode 600 and will be owned by the super-user. Non-privileged users cannot examine such files. Ordinary per-process core files are created mode 600 under the credentials of the process. The owner of the process can examine such files. A process that is or ever has been setuid or setgid since its last exec(2), including a process that began life with super-user privileges and gave up that privilege by way of setuid(2), presents security issues with respect to dumping core, as it may contain sensitive information in its address space to which the current non-privileged owner of the pro- cess should not have access. If setid core files are enabled, they will be created mode 600 and will be owned by SunOS 5.8 Last change: 11 Nov 1999 2 Maintenance Commands coreadm(1M) the super-user.

OPTIONS

The following options are supported: -g pattern Set the global core file name pattern to pattern. The pattern must start with a / and can contain any of the special % variables described in the DESCRIPTION. Only super-users can use this option. -i pattern Set the per-process core file name pattern for init(1M) to pattern. This is the same as coreadm -p pattern 1 except that the setting will be per- sistent across reboot. Only super-users can use this option. -e option... Enable the specified core file option. Specify option as one of the following: global Allow core dumps using global core pattern process Allow core dumps using per-process core pattern global-setid Allow set-id core dumps using global core pattern proc-setid Allow set-id core dumps using per-process core pattern log Generate a syslog(3C) message when genera- tion of a global core file is attempted. Multiple -e and -d options can be specified on the com- mand line. Only super-users can use this option. -d option... Disable the specified core file option. See the -e option for descriptions of possible options. Multiple -e and -d options can be specified on the command line. Only super-users can use this SunOS 5.8 Last change: 11 Nov 1999 3 Maintenance Commands coreadm(1M) option. -p pattern Set the per-process core file name pattern to pattern for each of the specified process-IDs. The pattern can contain any of the special % variables described in the DESCRIPTION and need not begin with /. If it does not begin with /, it will be evaluated relative to the current direc- tory in effect when the process generates a core file. A non-privileged user can apply the -p option only to processes owned by that user. The super- user can apply it to any process. The per- process core file name pattern will be inherited by future child processes of the affected processes. See fork(2). -u Update system-wide core file options from the contents of the configuration file /etc/coreadm.conf. If the configuration file is missing or contains invalid values, default values are substituted. Following the update, the configuration file is resynchronized with the system core file configuration. Only super-users can use this option.

OPERANDS

The following operands are supported: pid process-ID

EXIT STATUS

The following exit values are returned: 0 Successful completion. 1 A fatal error occurred while either obtaining or modifying the system core file configuration. 2 Invalid command line options were specified.

EXAMPLES

Example 1: Setting the core file name pattern When executed from a user's $HOME/.profile or $HOME/.login, the following command sets the core file name pattern for all processes run during the login session: SunOS 5.8 Last change: 11 Nov 1999 4 Maintenance Commands coreadm(1M) example$ coreadm -p core.%f.%p $$ $$ is the process-id of the currently running shell. The per-process core file name pattern is inherited by all child processes. Example 2: Dumping user's files into a subdirectory The following command dumps all of the user's core dumps into the corefiles subdirectory of the home directory, discriminated by the system node name. This is useful for users who use many different machines but have a shared home directory. example$ coreadm -p $HOME/corefiles/%n.%f.%p $$

FILES

/etc/init.d/coreadm /etc/coreadm.conf

ATTRIBUTES

See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attri- butes: ____________________________________________________________ | ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE | |_____________________________|_____________________________| | Availability | SUNWcsu | |_____________________________|_____________________________|

SEE ALSO

gcore(1), init(1M), exec(2), fork(2), setuid(2), time(2), syslog(3C), core(4), attributes(5) SunOS 5.8 Last change: 11 Nov 1999 5