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SunOS man pages : batch (1)

User Commands                                               at(1)

NAME

at, batch - execute commands at a later time

SYNOPSIS

at [ -c | -k | -s ] [ -m ] [ -f file ] [ -p project ] [ -q queuename ] -t time at [ -c | -k | -s ] [ -m ] [ -f file ] [ -p project ] [ -q queuename ] timespec ... at -l [ -p project ] [ -q queuename ] [ at_job_id. .. ] at -r at_job_id. .. batch [ -p project ]

DESCRIPTION

at The at utility reads commands from standard input and groups them together as an at-job, to be executed at a later time. The at-job will be executed in a separate invocation of the shell, running in a separate process group with no control- ling terminal, except that the environment variables, current working directory, file creation mask (see umask(1)), and system resource limits (for sh and ksh only, see ulimit(1)) in effect when the at utility is executed will be retained and used when the at-job is executed. When the at-job is submitted, the at_job_id and scheduled time are written to standard error. The at_job_id is an identifier that will be a string consisting solely of alphanumeric characters and the period character. The at_job_id is assigned by the system when the job is scheduled such that it uniquely identifies a particular job. User notification and the processing of the job's standard output and standard error are described under the -m option. Users are permitted to use at and batch (see below) if their name appears in the file /usr/lib/cron/at.allow. If that file does not exist, the file /usr/lib/cron/at.deny is checked to determine if the user should be denied access to at. If neither file exists, only a user with the solaris.jobs.user authorization is allowed to submit a job. If only at.deny exists and is empty, global usage is permit- ted. The at.allow and at.deny files consist of one user name per line. batch SunOS 5.8 Last change: 10 Jan 2000 1 User Commands at(1) The batch utility reads commands to be executed at a later time. It is the equivalent of the command: at -q b -m now where queue b is a special at queue, specifically for batch jobs. Batch jobs will be submitted to the batch queue for immediate execution.

OPTIONS

The following options are supported. If the -c, -k, or -s options are not specified, the SHELL environment variable by default determines which shell to use. - c C shell. csh(1) is used to execute the at-job. -k Korn shell. ksh(1) is used to execute the at-job. -s Bourne shell. sh(1) is used to execute the at-job. -f file Specifies the path of a file to be used as the source of the at-job, instead of standard input. -l (The letter ell.) Reports all jobs scheduled for the invoking user if no at_job_id operands are specified. If at_job_ids are specified, reports only information for these jobs. -m Sends mail to the invoking user after the at-job has run, announcing its completion. Standard output and standard error produced by the at-job will be mailed to the user as well, unless redirected elsewhere. Mail will be sent even if the job produces no output. If -m is not used, the job's standard output and stan- dard error will be provided to the user by means of mail, unless they are redirected elsewhere; if there is no such output to provide, the user is not notified of the job's completion. -p project Specifies under which project the at or batch job will be run. When used with the -l option, limits the search to that particular project. Values for project will be interpreted first as a project name, and then as a possible project ID, if entirely numeric. By default, the user's current project is used. -q queuename Specifies in which queue to schedule a job for submis- sion. When used with the -l option, limits the search to that particular queue. Values for queuename are SunOS 5.8 Last change: 10 Jan 2000 2 User Commands at(1) limited to the lower case letters a through z. By default, at-jobs will be scheduled in queue a. In contrast, queue b is reserved for batch jobs. Since queue c is reserved for cron jobs, it can not be used with the -q option. -r at_job_id Removes the jobs with the specified at_job_id operands that were previously scheduled by the at utility. -t time Submits the job to be run at the time specified by the time option-argument, which must have the format as specified by the touch(1) utility.

OPERANDS

The following operands are supported: at_job_id The name reported by a previous invocation of the at utility at the time the job was scheduled. timespec Submit the job to be run at the date and time speci- fied. All of the timespec operands are interpreted as if they were separated by space characters and con- catenated. The date and time are interpreted as being in the timezone of the user (as determined by the TZ variable), unless a timezone name appears as part of time below. In the "C" locale, the following describes the three parts of the time specification string. All of the values from the LC_TIME categories in the "C" locale are recognized in a case-insensitive manner. time The time can be specified as one, two or four digits. One- and two-digit numbers are taken to be hours, four-digit numbers to be hours and minutes. The time can alternatively be specified as two numbers separated by a colon, meaning hour:minute. An AM/PM indication (one of the values from the am_pm keywords in the LC_TIME locale category) can follow the time; otherwise, a 24-hour clock time is understood. A timezone name of GMT, UCT, or ZULU (case insensitive) can follow to specify that the time is in Coordi- nated Universal Time. Other timezones can be specified using the TZ environment variable. The time field can also be one of the following tokens in the "C" locale: SunOS 5.8 Last change: 10 Jan 2000 3 User Commands at(1) midnight Indicates the time 12:00 am (00:00). noon Indicates the time 12:00 pm. now Indicate the current day and time. Invok- ing at now will submit an at-job for potentially immediate execution (that is, subject only to unspecified scheduling delays). date An optional date can be specified as either a month name (one of the values from the mon or abmon keywords in the LC_TIME locale category) followed by a day number (and possibly year number preceded by a comma) or a day of the week (one of the values from the day or abday key- words in the LC_TIME locale category). Two spe- cial days are recognized in the "C" locale: today Indicates the current day. tomorrow Indicates the day following the current day. If no date is given, today is assumed if the given time is greater than the current time, and tomorrow is assumed if it is less. If the given month is less than the current month (and no year is given), next year is assumed. increment The optional increment is a number preceded by a plus sign (+) and suffixed by one of the following: minutes, hours, days, weeks, months, or years. (The singular forms will be also accepted.) The keyword next is equivalent to an increment number of + 1. For example, the following are equivalent commands: at 2pm + 1 week at 2pm next week

USAGE

The format of the at command line shown here is guaranteed only for the "C" locale. Other locales are not supported for midnight, noon, now, mon, abmon, day, abday, today, SunOS 5.8 Last change: 10 Jan 2000 4 User Commands at(1) tomorrow, minutes, hours, days, weeks, months, years, and next. Since the commands run in a separate shell invocation, run- ning in a separate process group with no controlling termi- nal, open file descriptors, traps and priority inherited from the invoking environment are lost.

EXAMPLES

at Example 1: Typical sequence at a terminal This sequence can be used at a terminal: $ at -m 0730 tomorrow sort < file >outfile <EOT> Example 2: Redirecting output This sequence, which demonstrates redirecting standard error to a pipe, is useful in a command procedure (the sequence of output redirection specifications is significant): $ at now + 1 hour <<! diff file1 file2 2>&1 >outfile | mailx mygroup Example 3: Self-rescheduling a job To have a job reschedule itself, at can be invoked from within the at-job. For example, this "daily-processing" script named my.daily will run every day (although crontab is a more appropriate vehicle for such work): # my.daily runs every day at now tomorrow < my.daily daily-processing Example 4: Various time and operand presentations The spacing of the three portions of the "C" locale timespec is quite flexible as long as there are no ambiguities. Examples of various times and operand presentations include: at 0815am Jan 24 at 8 :15amjan24 at now "+ 1day" at 5 pm FRIday at '17 utc+ 30minutes' SunOS 5.8 Last change: 10 Jan 2000 5 User Commands at(1) batch Example 5: Typical sequence at a terminal This sequence can be used at a terminal: $ batch sort <file >outfile <EOT> Example 6: Redirecting output This sequence, which demonstrates redirecting standard error to a pipe, is useful in a command procedure (the sequence of output redirection specifications is significant): $ batch <<! diff file1 file2 2>&1 >outfile | mailx mygroup !

ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES

See environ(5) for descriptions of the following environment variables that affect the execution of at and batch: LC_CTYPE, LC_MESSAGES, NLSPATH, and LC_TIME. SHELL Determine a name of a command interpreter to be used to invoke the at-job. If the variable is unset or NULL, sh will be used. If it is set to a value other than sh, the implementation will use that shell; a warning diagnostic will be printed telling which shell will be used. TZ Determine the timezone. The job will be submitted for execution at the time specified by timespec or -t time relative to the timezone specified by the TZ variable. If timespec specifies a timezone, it will override TZ. If timespec does not specify a timezone and TZ is unset or NULL, an unspecified default timezone will be used. DATEMSK If the environment variable DATEMSK is set, at will use its value as the full path name of a template file containing format strings. The strings consist of for- mat specifiers and text characters that are used to provide a richer set of allowable date formats in dif- ferent languages by appropriate settings of the environment variable LANG or LC_TIME. The list of allowable format specifiers is located in the getdate(3C) manual page. The formats described in the OPERANDS section for the time and date arguments, the SunOS 5.8 Last change: 10 Jan 2000 6 User Commands at(1) special names noon, midnight, now, next, today, tomor- row, and the increment argument are not recognized when DATEMSK is set.

EXIT STATUS

The following exit values are returned: 0 The at utility successfully submitted, removed or listed a job or jobs. >0 An error occurred, and the job will not be scheduled.

FILES

/usr/lib/cron/at.allow names of users, one per line, who are authorized access to the at and batch utilities /usr/lib/cron/at.deny names of users, one per line, who are denied access to the at and batch utilities

ATTRIBUTES

See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attri- butes: at ____________________________________________________________ | ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE | |_____________________________|_____________________________| | Availability | SUNWcsu | |_____________________________|_____________________________| | CSI | Not enabled | |_____________________________|_____________________________| batch ____________________________________________________________ | ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE | |_____________________________|_____________________________| | Availability | SUNWesu | |_____________________________|_____________________________| | CSI | Enabled | |_____________________________|_____________________________|

SEE ALSO

auths(1), crontab(1), csh(1), date(1), ksh(1), sh(1), touch(1), ulimit(1), umask(1), cron(1M), getdate(3C), auth_attr(4), attributes(5), environ(5)

NOTES

SunOS 5.8 Last change: 10 Jan 2000 7 User Commands at(1) Regardless of queue used, cron(1M) has a limit of 100 jobs in execution at any time. There can be delays in cron at job execution. In some cases, these delays can compound to the point that cron job pro- cessing appears to be hung. All jobs will be executed even- tually. When the delays are excessive, the only workaround is to kill and restart cron. SunOS 5.8 Last change: 10 Jan 2000 8