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SunOS man pages : adbgen (1)

Maintenance Commands                                   adbgen(1M)

NAME

adbgen - generate adb script

SYNOPSIS

/usr/lib/adb/adbgen [ -m model ] filename.adb ...

DESCRIPTION

adbgen makes it possible to write adb(1) scripts that do not contain hard-coded dependencies on structure member offsets. The input to adbgen is a file named filename.adb that con- tains header information, then a null line, then the name of a structure, and finally an adb script. adbgen only deals with one structure per file; all member names are assumed to be in this structure. The output of adbgen is an adb script in filename. adbgen operates by generating a C program which determines structure member offsets and sizes, which in turn generate the adb script. The header lines, up to the null line, are copied verbatim into the generated C program. Typically, these are #include statements, which include the headers containing the relevant structure declarations. The adb script part may contain any valid adb commands (see adb(1)), and may also contain adbgen requests, each enclosed in braces ({}). Request types are: o Print a structure member. The request form is {member,format}. member is a member name of the struc- ture given earlier, and format is any valid adb format request or any of the adbgen format specifiers (such as {POINTER}) listed below. For example, to print the p_pid field of the proc structure as a decimal number, you would write {p_pid,d}. o Print the appropriate adb format character for the given adbgen format specifier. This action takes the data model into consideration. The request form is {format specifier}. The valid adbgen format specifiers are: {POINTER} pointer value in hexadecimal {LONGDEC} long value in decimal {ULONGDEC} unsigned long value in decimal {ULONGHEX} unsigned long value in hexadecimal SunOS 5.8 Last change: 20 Feb 1998 1 Maintenance Commands adbgen(1M) {LONGOCT} long value in octal {ULONGOCT} unsigned long value in octal o Reference a structure member. The request form is {*member,base}. member is the member name whose value is desired, and base is an adb register name which contains the base address of the structure. For exam- ple, to get the p_pid field of the proc structure, you would get the proc structure address in an adb regis- ter, for example <f, and write {*p_pid,<f}. o Tell adbgen that the offset is valid. The request form is {OFFSETOK}. This is useful after invoking another adb script which moves the adb dot. o Get the size of the structure. The request form is {SIZEOF}. adbgen replaces this request with the size of the structure. This is useful in incrementing a pointer to step through an array of structures. o Calculate an arbitrary C expression. The request form is {EXPR,expression}. adbgen replaces this request with the value of the expression. This is useful when more than one structure is involved in the script. o Get the offset to the end of the structure. The request form is {END}. This is useful at the end of the structure to get adb to align the dot for printing the next structure member. adbgen keeps track of the movement of the adb dot and gen- erates adb code to move forward or backward as necessary before printing any structure member in a script. adbgen's model of the behavior of adb's dot is simple: it is assumed that the first line of the script is of the form struct_address/adb text and that subsequent lines are of the form +/adb text. The adb dot then moves in a sane fashion. adbgen does not check the script to ensure that these limi- tations are met. adbgen also checks the size of the struc- ture member against the size of the adb format code and warns if they are not equal.

OPTIONS

The following option is supported: -m model Specifies the data type model to be used by adbgen for the macro. This affects the outcome of the {format SunOS 5.8 Last change: 20 Feb 1998 2 Maintenance Commands adbgen(1M) specifier} requests described under DESCRIPTION and the offsets and sizes of data types. model can be ilp32 or lp64. If the -m option is not given, the data type model defaults to ilp32.

OPERANDS

The following operand is supported: filename.adb Input file that contains header information, followed by a null line, the name of the structure, and finally an adb script.

EXAMPLES

Example 1: A sample adbgen file. For an include file x.h which contained struct x { char *x_cp; char x_c; int x_i; }; then , an adbgen file (call it script.adb) to print the file x.h would be: #include "x.h" x ./"x_cp"16t"x_c"8t"x_i"n{x_cp,{POINTER}}{x_c,C}{x_i,D} After running adbgen as follows, % /usr/lib/adb/adbgen script.adb the output file script contains: ./"x_cp"16t"x_c"8t"x_i"nXC3+D For a macro generated for a 64-bit program using the lp64 data model as follows, % /usr/lib/adb/adbgen/ -m lp64 script.adb the output file script would contain: ./"x_cp"16t"x_c"8t"x_i"nJC3+D To invoke the script, type: example% adb program x$<script SunOS 5.8 Last change: 20 Feb 1998 3 Maintenance Commands adbgen(1M)

FILES

/usr/platform/platform-name/lib/adb/* platform-specific adb scripts for debugging the 32-bit kernel /usr/platform/platform-name/lib/adb/sparcv9/* platform-specific adb scripts for debugging the 64-bit SPARC V9 kernel /usr/lib/adb/* adb scripts for debugging the 32-bit kernel /usr/lib/adb/sparcv9/* adb scripts for debugging the 64-bit SPARC V9 kernel

ATTRIBUTES

See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attri- butes: ____________________________________________________________ | ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE | |_____________________________|_____________________________| | Availability | SUNWesu | |_____________________________|_____________________________|

SEE ALSO

adb(1), uname(1), kadb(1M), attributes(5)

DIAGNOSTICS

Warnings are given about structure member sizes not equal to adb format items and about badly formatted requests. The C compiler complains if a structure member that does not exist is referenced. It also complains about an ampersand before array names; these complaints may be ignored.

NOTES

platform-name can be found using the -i option of uname(1).

BUGS

adb syntax is ugly; there should be a higher level interface for generating scripts. Structure members which are bit fields cannot be handled because C will not give the address of a bit field. The address is needed to determine the offset. SunOS 5.8 Last change: 20 Feb 1998 4