manpages.info - online man pages   

Mac OS X / Darwin man pages : mdoc (7)
mdoc (7)

Table of Contents

Name

mdoc - quick reference guide for the -mdoc macro package

Synopsis

groff -mdoc files ...

Description

The -mdoc package is a set of content-based and domain-based macros used to format the BSD man pages. The macro names and their meanings are listed below for quick reference; for a detailed explanation on using the package, see groff_mdoc(7) .

The macros are described in two groups, the first includes the structural and physical page layout macros. The second contains the manual and general text domain macros which differentiate the -oc package from other troff formatting packages.

Page Structure Domain

Title Macros
To create a valid manual page, these three macros, in this order, are required:
.Dd Month day, year Document date. .Dt DOCUMENT_TITLE [section] [volume] Title, in upper case. .Os OPERATING_SYSTEM [version/release] Operating system (BSD).

Page Layout Macros
Section headers, paragraph breaks, lists and displays. .Sh Section Headers. Valid headers, in the order of presentation:

NAME
Name section, should include the `.Nm' or `.Fn' and the `.Nd' macros.
SYNOPSIS
Usage.
DESCRIPTION
General description, should include options and parameters. RETURN VALUES Sections two and three function calls.
ENVIRONMENT
Describe environment variables.
FILES
Files associated with the subject.
EXAMPLES
Examples and suggestions.
DIAGNOSTICS
Normally used for section four device interface diagnostics.
ERRORS
Sections two and three error and signal handling.
SEE ALSO
Cross references and citations.
STANDARDS
Conformance to standards if applicable.
HISTORY
If a standard is not applicable, the history of the subject should be given.
BUGS
Gotchas and caveats.
other
Customized headers may be added at the authors discretion.
.Ss
Subsection Headers. .Pp Paragraph Break. Vertical space (one line).
.D1
(D-one) Display-one Indent and display one text line. .Dl (D-ell) Display-one literal. Indent and display one line of literal text. .Bd Begin-display block. Display options:
-ragged
Unjustified (ragged edges).
-filled
Justified.
-literal
Literal text or code.
-file name
Read in named file and display. -offset string Offset display. Acceptable string values:
left
Align block on left (default).
center
Approximate center margin.
indent
Six constant width spaces (a tab). indent-two Two tabs.
right
Left aligns block 2 inches from right.
xxn
Where xx is a number from 4n to 99n.
Aa
Where Aa is a callable macro name.
string
The width of string is used.
.Ed
End-display (matches .Bd). .Bl Begin-list. Create lists or columns. Options: List-types
-bullet
Bullet Item List
-item
Unlabeled List
-enum
Enumerated List
-tag
Tag Labeled List
-diag
Diagnostic List
-hang
Hanging Labeled List
-ohang
Overhanging Labeled List
-inset
Inset or Run-on Labeled List List-parameters
-offset
(All lists.) See `.Bd' begin-display above.
-width
(-tag and -hang lists only.) See `.Bd -offset'. -compact (All lists.) Suppresses blank lines. .El End-list.
.It
List item.

Manual and General Text Domain Macros

The manual and general text domain macros are special in that most of them are parsed for callable macros for example:

.Op Fl s Ar file
Produces [-s file]

In this example, the option enclosure macro `.Op' is parsed, and calls the callable content macro `Fl' which operates on the argument `s' and then calls the callable content macro `Ar' which operates on the argument `file'. Some macros may be callable, but are not parsed and vice versa. These macros are indicated in the parsed and callable columns below.

Unless stated, manual domain macros share a common syntax:

.Va argument [ . , ; : ( ) [ ] argument ... ]

Note: Opening and closing punctuation characters are only recognized as such if they are presented one at a time. The string `),' is not recognized as punctuation and will be output with a leading white space and in what ever font the calling macro uses. The argument list `] ) ,' is recognized as three sequential closing punctuation characters and a leading white space is not output between the characters and the previous argument (if any). The special meaning of a punctuation character may be escaped with the string `\&'. For example the following string,

.Ar file1 , file2 , file3 ) .
Produces file1, file2, file3).

Manual Domain Macros
Name Parsed Callable Description

Ad
Yes Yes Address. (This macro may be deprecated.) Ar Yes Yes Command line argument. Cd No No Configuration declaration (section four only).
Cm
Yes Yes Command line argument modifier.
Dv
Yes Yes Defined variable (source code).
Er
Yes Yes Error number (source code). Ev Yes Yes Environment variable. Fa Yes Yes Function argument. Fd Yes Yes Function declaration.
Fn
Yes Yes Function call (also .Fo and .Fc). Ic Yes Yes Interactive command. Li Yes Yes Literal text. Nm Yes Yes Command name.
Op
Yes Yes Option (also .Oo and .Oc).
Ot
Yes Yes Old style function type (Fortran only).
Pa
Yes Yes Pathname or file name.
St
Yes Yes Standards (-p1003.2, -p1003.1 or -ansiC) Va Yes Yes Variable name.
Vt
Yes Yes Variable type (Fortran only).
Xr
Yes Yes Manual Page Cross Reference.

General Text Domain Macros
Name Parsed Callable Description %A Yes No Reference author. %B Yes Yes Reference book title.

%C
No No Reference place of publishing (city). %D No No Reference date. %J Yes Yes Reference journal title. %N No No Reference issue number. %O No No Reference optional information. %P No No Reference page number(s). %R No No Reference report Name. %T Yes Yes Reference article title. %V No No Reference volume. Ac Yes Yes Angle close quote. Ao Yes Yes Angle open quote. Aq Yes Yes Angle quote. At No No AT&T UNIX Bc Yes Yes Bracket close quote. Bf No No Begin font mode. Bo Yes Yes Bracket open quote. Bq Yes Yes Bracket quote. Bx Yes Yes BSD. Db No No Debug (default is off") Dc Yes Yes Double close quote. Do Yes Yes Double open quote. Dq Yes Yes Double quote.
Ec
Yes Yes Enclose string close quote. Ef No No End font mode. Em Yes Yes Emphasis (traditional English).
Eo
Yes Yes Enclose string open quote. No Yes Yes Normal text (no-op). Ns Yes Yes No space. Pc Yes Yes Parenthesis close quote. Pf Yes No Prefix string. Po Yes Yes Parenthesis open quote. Pq Yes Yes Parentheses quote.
Qc
Yes Yes Strait Double close quote. Ql Yes Yes Quoted literal.
Qo
Yes Yes Strait Double open quote. Qq Yes Yes Strait Double quote. Re No No Reference start. Rs No No Reference start. Sc Yes Yes Single close quote. So Yes Yes Single open quote. Sq Yes Yes Single quote.
Sm
No No Space mode (default is on") Sx Yes Yes Section Cross Reference. Sy Yes Yes Symbolic (traditional English).
Tn
Yes Yes Trade or type name (small Caps). Ux Yes Yes UNIX
Xc
Yes Yes Extend argument list close.
Xo
Yes Yes Extend argument list close.

Macro names ending in `q' quote remaining items on the argument list. Macro names ending in `o' begin a quote which may span more than one line of input and are close quoted with the matching macro name ending in `c'. Enclosure macros may be nested and are limited to eight arguments.

Note: the extended argument list macros (`.Xo', `.Xc') and the function enclosure macros (`.Fo', `.Fc') are irregular. The extended list macros are used when the number of macro arguments would exceed the troff limitation of nine arguments.

Configuration

For site specific configuration of the macro package, see the file /usr/src/share/tmac/README.

Files

tmac.doc
Manual and general text domain macros.
tmac.doc-common
Common structural macros and definitions.
tmac.doc-nroff
Site dependent nroff style file. tmac.doc-ditroff Site dependent troff style file.
tmac.doc-syms
Special defines (such as the standards macro).

See Also

groff_mdoc(7)


Table of Contents