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Mac OS X / Darwin man pages : ioctl (2)
ioctl (2)

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Name

ioctl - control device

Synopsis

#include <sys/ioctl.h>

int
ioctl(int d, unsigned long request, char *argp);

Description

The ioctl() function manipulates the underlying device parameters of special files. In particular, many operating characteristics of character special files (e.g. terminals) may be controlled with ioctl() requests. The argument d must be an open file descriptor.

An ioctl request has encoded in it whether the argument is an ``in'' parameter or ``out'' parameter, and the size of the argument argp in bytes. Macros and defines used in specifying an ioctl request are located in the file <sys/ioctl.h>.

Return Values

If an error has occurred, a value of -1 is returned and errno is set to indicate the error.

Errors

Ioctl() will fail if:

[EBADF]
d is not a valid descriptor.

[ENOTTY]
d is not associated with a character special device.

[ENOTTY]
The specified request does not apply to the kind of object that the descriptor d references.

[EINVAL]
Request or argp is not valid.

See Also

mt(1) , cdio(1) , chio(1) , execve(2) , fcntl(2) , tty(4) , intro(4)

History

An ioctl() function call appeared in Version 7 AT&T UNIX.


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