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Mac OS X / Darwin man pages : connect (2)
connect (2)

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Name

connect - initiate a connection on a socket

Synopsis

#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>

int
connect(int s, const struct sockaddr *name, int namelen);

Description

The parameter s is a socket. If it is of type SOCK_DGRAM, this call specifies the peer with which the socket is to be associated; this address is that to which datagrams are to be sent, and the only address from which datagrams are to be received. If the socket is of type SOCK_STREAM, this call attempts to make a connection to another socket. The other socket is specified by name, which is an address in the communications space of the socket. Each communications space interprets the name parameter in its own way. Generally, stream sockets may successfully connect() only once; datagram sockets may use connect() multiple times to change their association. Datagram sockets may dissolve the association by connecting to an invalid address, such as a null address or an address with the address family set to AF_UNPSEC (the error EAFNOSUPPORT will be harmlessly returned).

Return Values

If the connection or binding succeeds, 0 is returned. Otherwise a -1 is returned, and a more specific error code is stored in errno.

Errors

The connect() call fails if:

[EBADF]
S is not a valid descriptor.

[ENOTSOCK]
S is a descriptor for a file, not a socket.

[EADDRNOTAVAIL]
The specified address is not available on this machine.

[EAFNOSUPPORT]
Addresses in the specified address family cannot be used with this socket.

[EISCONN]
The socket is already connected.

[ETIMEDOUT]
Connection establishment timed out without establishing a connection.

[ECONNREFUSED]
The attempt to connect was forcefully rejected.

[ENETUNREACH]
The network isn't reachable from this host.

[EADDRINUSE]
The address is already in use.

[EFAULT]
The name parameter specifies an area outside the process address space.

[EINPROGRESS]
The socket is non-blocking and the connection cannot be completed immediately. It is possible to select(2) for completion by selecting the socket for writing.

[EALREADY]
The socket is non-blocking and a previous connection attempt has not yet been completed.

The following errors are specific to connecting names in the UNIX domain. These errors may not apply in future versions of the UNIX IPC domain.

[ENOTDIR]
A component of the path prefix is not a directory.

[ENAMETOOLONG]
A component of a pathname exceeded {NAME_MAX} characters, or an entire path name exceeded {PATH_MAX} characters.

[ENOENT]
The named socket does not exist.

[EACCES]
Search permission is denied for a component of the path prefix.

[EACCES]
Write access to the named socket is denied.

[ELOOP]
Too many symbolic links were encountered in translating the pathname.

See Also

accept(2) , select(2) , socket(2) , getsockname(2)

History

The connect() function call appeared in 4.2BSD.


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