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Linux man pages : ascii (7)
ASCII(7)		   Linux Programmer's Manual		      ASCII(7)

NAME

ascii - the ASCII character set encoded in octal, decimal, and hexadec- imal

DESCRIPTION

ASCII is the American Standard Code for Information Interchange. It is a 7-bit code. Many 8-bit codes (such as ISO 8859-1, the Linux default character set) contain ASCII as their lower half. The international counterpart of ASCII is known as ISO 646. The following table contains the 128 ASCII characters. C program '\X' escapes are noted. Oct Dec Hex Char Oct Dec Hex Char ------------------------------------------------------------ 000 0 00 NUL '\0' 100 64 40 @ 001 1 01 SOH 101 65 41 A 002 2 02 STX 102 66 42 B 003 3 03 ETX 103 67 43 C 004 4 04 EOT 104 68 44 D 005 5 05 ENQ 105 69 45 E 006 6 06 ACK 106 70 46 F 007 7 07 BEL '\a' 107 71 47 G 010 8 08 BS '\b' 110 72 48 H 011 9 09 HT '\t' 111 73 49 I 012 10 0A LF '\n' 112 74 4A J 013 11 0B VT '\v' 113 75 4B K 014 12 0C FF '\f' 114 76 4C L 015 13 0D CR '\r' 115 77 4D M 016 14 0E SO 116 78 4E N 017 15 0F SI 117 79 4F O 020 16 10 DLE 120 80 50 P 021 17 11 DC1 121 81 51 Q 022 18 12 DC2 122 82 52 R 023 19 13 DC3 123 83 53 S 024 20 14 DC4 124 84 54 T 025 21 15 NAK 125 85 55 U 026 22 16 SYN 126 86 56 V 027 23 17 ETB 127 87 57 W 030 24 18 CAN 130 88 58 X 031 25 19 EM 131 89 59 Y 032 26 1A SUB 132 90 5A Z 033 27 1B ESC 133 91 5B [ 034 28 1C FS 134 92 5C \ '\\' 035 29 1D GS 135 93 5D ] 036 30 1E RS 136 94 5E ^ 037 31 1F US 137 95 5F _ 040 32 20 SPACE 140 96 60 ` 041 33 21 ! 141 97 61 a 042 34 22 " 142 98 62 b 043 35 23 # 143 99 63 c 044 36 24 $ 144 100 64 d 045 37 25 % 145 101 65 e 046 38 26 & 146 102 66 f 047 39 27 ' 147 103 67 g 050 40 28 ( 150 104 68 h 051 41 29 ) 151 105 69 i 052 42 2A * 152 106 6A j 053 43 2B + 153 107 6B k 054 44 2C , 154 108 6C l 055 45 2D - 155 109 6D m 056 46 2E . 156 110 6E n 057 47 2F / 157 111 6F o 060 48 30 0 160 112 70 p 061 49 31 1 161 113 71 q 062 50 32 2 162 114 72 r 063 51 33 3 163 115 73 s 064 52 34 4 164 116 74 t 065 53 35 5 165 117 75 u 066 54 36 6 166 118 76 v 067 55 37 7 167 119 77 w 070 56 38 8 170 120 78 x 071 57 39 9 171 121 79 y 072 58 3A : 172 122 7A z 073 59 3B ; 173 123 7B { 074 60 3C < 174 124 7C | 075 61 3D = 175 125 7D } 076 62 3E > 176 126 7E ~ 077 63 3F ? 177 127 7F DEL

HISTORY

An ascii manual page appeared in Version 7 AT&T UNIX. On older terminals, the underscore code is displayed as a left arrow, called backarrow, the caret is displayed as an up-arrow and the verti- cal bar has a hole in the middle. Uppercase and lowercase characters differ by just one bit and the ASCII character 2 differs from the double quote by just one bit, too. That made it much easier to encode characters mechanically or with a non- microcontroller-based electronic keyboard and that pairing was found on old teletypes. The ASCII standard was published by the United States of America Stan- dards Institute (USASI) in 1968.

SEE ALSO

iso_8859_1(7), iso_8859_15(7), iso_8859_7(7) Linux 1999-08-08 ASCII(7)