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FreeBSD man pages : nm (1)
nm(1)			     GNU Development Tools			 nm(1)


nm - list symbols from object files.


nm [-a|--debug-syms] [-g|--extern-only] [-B] [-C|--demangle] [-D|--dynamic] [-s|--print-armap] [-o|--print-file-name] [-n|--numeric-sort] [-p|--no-sort] [-r|--reverse-sort] [--size-sort] [-u|--undefined-only] [-l|--line-numbers] [--help] [--version] [-t radix|--radix=radix] [-P|--portability] [-f format|--format=format] [--target=bfdname] [objfile...]


GNU nm lists the symbols from object files objfile. If no object files are given as arguments, nm assumes `a.out'.


The long and short forms of options, shown here as alternatives, are equivalent. -A -o --print-file-name Precede each symbol by the name of the input file where it was found, rather than identifying the input file once only before all of its symbols. -a --debug-syms Display debugger-only symbols; normally these are not listed. -B The same as --format=bsd (for compatibility with the MIPS nm). -C --demangle Decode (demangle) low-level symbol names into user-level names. Besides removing any initial underscore prepended by the system, this makes C++ function names readable. -D --dynamic Display the dynamic symbols rather than the normal symbols. This is only meaningful for dynamic objects, such as certain types of shared libraries. -f format Use the output format format, which can be ``bsd'', ``sysv'', or ``posix''. The default is ``bsd''. Only the first character of format is significant; it can be either upper or lower case. -g --extern-only Display only external symbols. -n -v --numeric-sort Sort symbols numerically by their addresses, not alphabetically by their names. -p --no-sort Don't bother to sort the symbols in any order; just print them in the order encountered. -P --portability Use the POSIX.2 standard output format instead of the default format. Equivalent to ``-f posix''. -s --print-armap When listing symbols from archive members, include the index: a mapping (stored in the archive by ar or ranlib) of what modules contain definitions for what names. -r --reverse-sort Reverse the sense of the sort (whether numeric or alphabetic); let the last come first. --size-sort Sort symbols by size. The size is computed as the difference between the value of the symbol and the value of the symbol with the next higher value. The size of the symbol is printed, rather than the value. -t radix --radix=radix Use radix as the radix for printing the symbol values. It must be ``d'' for decimal, ``o'' for octal, or ``x'' for hexadecimal. --target=bfdname Specify an object code format other than your system's default format. See objdump(1), for information on listing available formats. -u --undefined-only Display only undefined symbols (those external to each object file). -l --line-numbers For each symbol, use debugging information to try to find a filename and line number. For a defined symbol, look for the line number of the address of the symbol. For an undefined sym- bol, look for the line number of a relocation entry which refers to the symbol. If line number information can be found, print it after the other symbol information. -V --version Show the version number of nm and exit. --help Show a summary of the options to nm and exit.


`binutils' entry in info; The GNU Binary Utilities, Roland H. Pesch (October 1991); ar(1), objdump(1), ranlib(1).


Copyright (c) 1991, 2000 Free Software Foundation, Inc. This document is distributed under the terms of the GNU Free Documenta- tion License, version 1.1. That license is described in the sources for this manual page, but it is not displayed here in order to make this manual more consise. Copies of this license can also be obtained from: Free Software Foundation 5 November 1991 nm(1)